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Chapter 15. Menus

Table of Contents

1. Introduction to Menus
1.1. Context Menus
1.2. Tear-off menus
2. The “File” Menu
2.1. File menu
2.2. New
2.3. Create
2.4. Open
2.5. Open as Layers
2.6. Open Location
2.7. Open Recent
2.8. Save
2.9. Save as
2.10. Save a Copy
2.11. Save as Template
2.12. Revert
2.13. Print
2.14. Close
2.15. Close all
2.16. Quit
3. The “Edit” Menu
3.1. “Edit” Menu Entries
3.2. Undo
3.3. Redo
3.4. Fade...
3.5. Undo History
3.6. Cut
3.7. Copy
3.8. Copy Visible
3.9. Paste
3.10. Paste Into
3.11. Paste as...
3.12. Buffers
3.13. Clear
3.14. Fill with FG Color
3.15. Fill with BG Color
3.16. Fill with Pattern
3.17. Stroke Selection
3.18. Stroke Path
3.19. The “Preferences” Command
3.20. Keyboard Shortcuts
3.21. The Module Manager
3.22. Units
4. The “Select” Menu
4.1. Introduction to the “Select” Menu
4.2. Select All
4.3. None
4.4. Invert
4.5. Float
4.6. By Color
4.7. From Path
4.8. Selection Editor
4.9. Feather
4.10. Sharpen
4.11. Shrink
4.12. Grow
4.13. Border
4.14. Rounded Rectangle
4.15. Distort
4.16. Toggle QuickMask
4.17. Save to Channel
4.18. To Path
5. The “View” Menu
5.1. Introduction to the “View” Menu
5.2. New View
5.3. Dot for Dot
5.4. Zoom
5.5. Shrink Wrap
5.6. Full Screen
5.7. Navigation Window
5.8. Display Filters
5.9. Show Selection
5.10. Show Layer Boundary
5.11. Show Guides
5.12. Show Grid
5.13. Show Sample Points
5.14. Snap to Guides
5.15. Snap to Grid
5.16. Snap to Canvas
5.17. Snap to Active Path
5.18. Padding Color
5.19. Show Menubar
5.20. Show Rulers
5.21. Show Scrollbars
5.22. Show Statusbar
6. The “Image” Menu
6.1. Overview
6.2. Duplicate
6.3. Mode
6.4. RGB mode
6.5. Grayscale mode
6.6. Indexed mode
6.7. Transform
6.8. Flip Horizontally; Flip Vertically
6.9. Rotation
6.10. Guillotine
6.11. Canvas Size
6.12. Fit Canvas to Layers
6.13. Fit Canvas to Selection
6.14. Print Size
6.15. Scale Image
6.16. Crop to Selection
6.17. Autocrop Image
6.18. Zealous Crop
6.19. Merge Visible Layers
6.20. Flatten Image
6.21. Guides
6.22. New Guide
6.23. New Guide (by Percent)
6.24. New Guides from Selection
6.25. Remove all guides
6.26. Configure Grid
6.27. Align Visible Layers
6.28. Image Properties
7. The “Layers” Menu
7.1. Introduction to the “Layer” Menu
7.2. New Layer
7.3. New From Visible
7.4. Duplicate layer
7.5. Anchor layer
7.6. Merge Down
7.7. Delete Layer
7.8. The Text Commands of the Layer Menu
7.9. Discard Text Information
7.10. Stack” Submenu
7.11. Select Previous Layer
7.12. Select Next Layer
7.13. Select Top Layer
7.14. Select Bottom Layer
7.15. Raise Layer
7.16. Lower Layer
7.17. Layer to Top
7.18. Layer to Bottom
7.19. The “Reverse Layer Order” command
7.20. Autocrop Layer
7.21. The “Mask” Submenu
7.22. Add Layer Mask
7.23. Apply Layer Mask
7.24. Delete Layer Mask
7.25. Show Layer Mask
7.26. Edit Layer Mask
7.27. Disable Layer Mask
7.28. Mask to Selection
7.29. Add Layer Mask to Selection
7.30. Subtract Layer Mask from Selection
7.31. Intersect Layer Mask with Selection
7.32. The “Transparency” Submenu of the “Layer” menu
7.33. Add Alpha Channel
7.34. Remove Alpha Channel
7.35. Color to Alpha
7.36. Semi-flatten
7.37. Threshold Alpha
7.38. Alpha to Selection
7.39. Add Alpha channel to Selection
7.40. Subtract from Selection
7.41. Intersect Alpha channel with Selection
7.42. The “Transform” Submenu
7.43. Flip Horizontally
7.44. Flip Vertically
7.45. Rotate 90 degrees CW
7.46. Rotate 90 degrees CCW
7.47. Rotate 180 degrees
7.48. Arbitrary Rotation
7.49. Offset
7.50. Layer Boundary Size
7.51. Layer to Image Size
7.52. Scale Layer
7.53. Crop to Selection
8. The “Colors” Menu
8.1. Introduction to the “Colors” Menu
8.2. Colors Tools
8.3. Invert
8.4. Value Invert
8.5. Use GEGL
8.6. The “Auto” Submenu
8.7. Equalize
8.8. White Balance
8.9. Color Enhance
8.10. Normalize
8.11. Stretch Contrast
8.12. Stretch HSV
8.13. The “Components” Submenu
8.14. Channel Mixer
8.15. Compose
8.16. Decompose
8.17. Recompose
8.18. The “Map” Submenu
8.19. Rearrange Colormap
8.20. Set Colormap
8.21. Alien Map
8.22. Color Exchange
8.23. Gradient Map
8.24. Palette Map
8.25. Rotate Colors
8.26. Sample Colorize
8.27. The “Info” Submenu
8.28. Histogram
8.29. Border Average
8.30. Colorcube Analysis
8.31. Smooth Palette
8.32. The Color Filters
8.33. Colorify
8.34. Color to Alpha
8.35. Filter Pack
8.36. Hot
8.37. Max RGB
8.38. Retinex
9. The “Tools” Menu
9.1. Introduction to the “Tools” Menu
10. The “Filters” Menu
10.1. Introduction to the “Filters” Menu
10.2. Repeat Last
10.3. Re-show Last
10.4. Reset All Filters
10.5. The “Script-Fu” Submenu
11. The “Windows” Menu
11.1. “Windows” Menu Entries
11.2. The “Recently Closed Docks” submenu
11.3. The “Dockable Dialogs” submenu
12. The “Help” Menu
12.1. Introduction to the “Help” Menu
12.2. Help
12.3. Context Help
12.4. Tip of the Day
12.5. About
12.6. Plug-In Browser
12.7. The Procedure Browser
12.8. GIMP online

1. Introduction to Menus

There are many places in GIMP where you can find menus. The aim of this chapter is to explain all the commands that are accessible from the image menu bar and the image menu you can get by right clicking in the canvas. All the context menus and the menu entries for the other dialogs are described elsewhere in the chapters that describe the dialogs themselves.

1.1. Context Menus

If you right-click on certain parts of the GIMP interface, a “context menu” opens, which leads to a variety of functions. Some places where you can access context menus are:

  • Clicking on an image window displays the Image menu. This is useful when you are working in full-screen mode, without a menubar.

  • Clicking on a layer in the Layers Dialog or on a channel in the Channels Dialog displays functions for the selected layer or channel.

  • Right-clicking on the image menubar has the same effect as left-clicking.

  • Right-clicking on the title bar displays functions which do not belong to GIMP, but to the window manager program on your computer.

1.2. Tear-off menus

There is an interesting property associated with some of the menus in GIMP. These are any of the menus from the Image context menu you get by right-clicking on the canvas and any of its submenus. (You can tell that a menu item leads to a submenu because there is an icon next to it.) When you bring up any of these menus, there is a dotted line at the top of it (tear-off line). By clicking on this dotted line, you detach the menu under it and it becomes a separate window.

Figure 15.1.  The “windows” submenu and its tear-off submenu

The windows submenu and its tear-off submenu
The windows submenu and its tear-off submenu

Tear-off menus are actually independent. They are always visible, their functions always apply to the current image, and they persist when all of the images are closed. You can close a tear-off submenu by clicking on the dotted line again or closing the window from the window manager on your computer (often by clicking on an X icon in the upper right corner of the window).

  Published under the terms of the GNU General Public License Design by Interspire