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Eclipse Workbench User Guide
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CVS Workspace Synchronization

A CVS workspace synchronization launched using the Team > Synchronize menu command or the Synchronize toolbar command in the Team Perspective will appear in the Synchronize view. This view allows you to inspect the differences between the local Workbench resources and their remote counterparts as well as update resources in the Workbench and commit resources from the Workbench to a repository.

Here is what the CVS Workspace Synchronization in the Synchronize view looks like:

CVS Workspace Synchronization


The following is a brief summary of some of the features of the synchronize view.

Synchronization state

The synchronize view shows the synchronization state of resources in your workspace compared to those in the repository. This state is shown by using icons and can also be configured to show the state as text appended to the resource name. A description of the icons is shown in the table below:

Incoming addition icon An incoming addition means that a resource has been added to the repository. Updating will transfer the resource to your workspace.
Incoming change icon An incoming change means that the file has changed in the repository. Updating will transfer the new file revision to your workspace.
Incoming deletion icon An incoming deletion means that a resource was deleted from the server. Updating will delete your local resource.
Outgoing addition icon An outgoing addition means that the file was added to your workspace and is not yet in the repository. Adding then Committing will transfer the new file to the repository.
Outgoing change icon An outgoing change means that the file was change locally. Committing the file will transfer the changes to the repository and create a new revision of the file.
Outgoing deletion icon An outgoing deletion is a resource that has been deleted locally. Committing these resources will cause the remote resource to be deleted. Note: in CVS directories are never really deleted from the repository. Instead, files are deleted and empty directories are pruned from your workspace.
Conflicting addition icon A conflicting additions means that the resource has been added locally and remotely.
Conflicting change icon A conflicting change means that the file has been changed locally and remotely. A manual or automatic merge will be required. Also, any entries in the view that contain children that are conflicts will also be decorated with the conflict icon. This is done to make conflicts easy to find.
Conflicting deletion icon A conflicting deletion means that the resource was deleted locally and remotely.


The Synchronize view can be filtered using modes using either the toolbar actions or the menu items in the view's drop down menu. Modes can be used to show only incoming, outgoing or conflicting changes. The advantages to modes are:

  • They support and encourage the ideal work flow.
  • They reduce the amount of information you are faced with at any one time.
  • They provide a degree of safety restricting you to those operations appropriate to that mode. For example, you can't accidentally commit a conflict when in incoming mode.

Important: It is preferable to update resources in the Workbench first, resolve any conflicts that exist by merging, then commit Workbench resources to the repository.


The Synchronize view is capable of displaying different model representations of the resources. Each product may contain its own product specific representations. The Eclipse SDK comes with three models:

  • Workspace Model: displays a resource based model. Layout options for this model can be controlled from the Preferences dialog in the drop down menu. The layout options for the Workspace model are:
    • Flat layout shows all the out-of-sync resources as direct children of their project.
    • Tree layout shows the resource hierarchy as it is shown in the Project Explorer.
    • Compress Folders shows changes grouped by project and then by folder. This results in a hierarchy that is at most three levels deep with folder paths being compressed into a single level (similar to a Java package).
  • Java Model: displays a Java based model (similar to what appears in the Package Explorer).
  • Change Sets: displays a Change Set based model. This model shows incoming changes grouped by commit comment which is handy for seeing who released what and why. For outgoing changes, you can create Change Sets for grouping related changes together. Grouping is performed using various commands in the context menu.

In addition to to the models, there is also a Flat Presentation which displays all the out-of-sync elements as top level elements.


The Synchronize view provides toolbar actions for navigating through the changes in the view. These actions not only navigate between files but also go from change to change within a file.

Update and Commit Operations

There are several flavours of update and commit operations available in the Synchronize view. You can perform the standard update and commit operation on all visible applicable changes or a selected subset. You can also choose to override and update, thus ignoring any local changes, or override and commit, thus making the remote resource match the contents of the local resource. You can also choose to clean the timestamps for files that have been modified locally (perhaps by an external build tool) but whose contents match that of the server.

Conflict Handling

When dealing with conflicts, you can first perform an update and any conflicting changes The update operation will correctly update conflicts that are auto-mergeable (i.e. files content changes do not overlap) but will skip files that contain changes that overlap. Alternatively, conflicts can be handled using a Compare editor. A Compare editor can be opened by double-clicking (or single-clicking if you have change your open strategy in the preferences) on the conflict or by choosing Open in Compare Editor from the context menu. The Compare editor allows you to manually resolve the conflicts in the file. Once completed, perform a Mark as Merged on the conflict to indicate that you are done. This will change the conflict into an outgoing change.

Problem Markers

The Synchronize view will show error or warning problem markers on any change that appears in the view or any folder or project that appears in the view that contains a resource that has such a problem marker. This is done to prevent resources with problems from getting committed to the repository.



This command allows you to repeat the current synchronization which refetches the remote state of the resources. The drop down of the toolbar item allows you to select other existing synchronizations or create new ones using the Synchronize... menu command.

Pin Current Synchronization

This command allows you to pin or unpin the current synchronization. Pinned synchronizations will not be replaced by the next synchronization of the same type while unpinned synchronizations will be replaced. This allows you to keep a synchronization around for easy access. Such a synchronization will automatically update when changes to Workbench resources take place and can be configured to perform scheduled refreshes in order to keep up-to-date with the remote state of the resources.

Models drop down

This drop down list presents the models that can be displayed in the Sync View.

Next Difference

This command will go to the next difference displayed by the view. All the differences within a single file will be visited before opening the next file in the view.

Previous Difference

This command will go to the previous difference displayed by the view. All the differences within a single file will be visited before opening the previous file in the view.

Collapse All

Collapse all the expanded entries in the view.

Incoming Mode

In this mode, only resources which have been changed in the repository since they were last loaded or synchronized with those in the Workbench (incoming changes) are visible.

Outgoing Mode

In this mode, only resources which have been modified in the Workbench (outgoing changes) are visible.

Incoming/Outgoing Mode

In this mode both incoming and outgoing changes are shown, and you can both update and commit. The advantage to using this dual mode is you can do either task as you choose. The disadvantage is that performing a simultaneous bi-directional merge is often complicated.

Conflicts Mode

In this mode only conflicts (resources modified both in the Workbench and in the repository) are shown.

Update All Incoming Changes

This command updates all the incoming changes visible in the view. The command will also update conflicts that are auto-mergeable but will skip files whose contents contain conflicts.

Commit All Outgoing Changes

This command commits all the outgoing changes visible in the view. Conflicts are not included in the commit.

Drop Down Menu

The drop down menu allows you to pin or remove the current or remove all synchronizations, change the mode or layout, restore removed from view items, configure the current synchronization to perform scheduled refreshes as well as set other view preferences.

Context menu

From the context menu of the Synchronize view you can perform a number of interesting operations.


This command open the local resource for the selected change in the default Workbench editor for the file type.

Open With

This command allows you to open the local resource for the selected change in the a Workbench editor.

Open in Compare Editor

This command open the selected change in a Compare editor which allows you to inspect the changes within the file.


This menu allows for renaming, deleting, moving or copying the resource.


This command refreshed the remote state of the selected resources. In addition, this command will adjust the timestamps of outgoing changes whose contents already match the contents of the corresponding resource on the server so that the file is no longer an outgoing change. This is useful in situations where build tools regenerate files whose contents have not changed.

Remove From View

This command removes the selected resources from the view. The resources will only reappear if the state of the removed resources changes or the Workbench is restarted or the Restore Removed Items action is invoked from the Drop Down menu.

Expand All

This command expands all of the selected resource's children.


This command updates the selected resources. Conflicts can be included in an update but only auto-mergeable conflicts will be updated. Non-mergeable conflicts will be skipped and should be merged manually using a compare editor.


This command commits the selected resources. Only outgoing changes can be committed.

Override and Update

This command operates on conflicts and outgoing changes and replaces the local contents of those resources with the contents from the server.

Mark as Merged

This command adjusts the CVS timestamps of conflicting changes so they become outgoing changes. This command should be performed after conflicts are merged manually using a compare editor.

Add to .cvsignore

This command will add the selected resource to the .cvsignore list which will cause CVS to skip the resource during all CVS operations.

Create Patch

This command will bring up the Create Patch wizard and populate it with the selected resources.


This command will create a new branch and a new branch tag which can be used to merge the branch back to the source branch.

Show Annotation

Depending on your Annotation preferences, this command will either bring up turn on the Quick Diff annotate or open the Annotate view for the selected resource.

Show in History

This command will show the history for the selected resource..

Change ASCII/Binary Property...

This command will open a dialog containing all of the selected resources. You can then alter the ASCII/Binary property for each resource.

Related concepts
Team programming with CVS
Synchronizing with a CVS repository  

Related tasks
Synchronizing with the repository
Resolving conflicts
Merging from a branch
Comparing resources
Merging changes in the compare editor

Related reference
Compare editor

  Published under the terms of the Eclipse Public License Version 1.0 ("EPL") Design by Interspire