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Samba HowTo Guide
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TCP/IP Configuration

The builder of a house must ensure that all construction takes place on a firm foundation. The same is true for the builder of a TCP/IP-based networking system. Fundamental network configuration problems will plague all network users until they are resolved.

MS Windows workstations and servers can be configured either with fixed IP addresses or via DHCP. The examples that follow demonstrate the use of DHCP and make only passing reference to those situations where fixed IP configuration settings can be effected.

It is possible to use shortcuts or abbreviated keystrokes to arrive at a particular configuration screen. The decision was made to base all examples in this chapter on use of the Start button.

MS Windows XP Professional

There are two paths to the Windows XP TCP/IP configuration panel. Choose the access method that you prefer:

Click Start -> Control Panel -> Network Connections.

Alternately, click Start ->, and right-click My Network Places then select Properties.

The following procedure steps through the Windows XP Professional TCP/IP configuration process:

  1. On some installations the interface will be called Local Area Connection and on others it will be called Network Bridge. On our system it is called Network Bridge. Right-click on Network Bridge -> Properties. See ???.

    Figure8.1.Network Bridge Configuration.

    Network Bridge Configuration.

  2. The Network Bridge Configuration, or Local Area Connection, panel is used to set TCP/IP protocol settings. In This connection uses the following items: box, click on Internet Protocol (TCP/IP), then click on Properties.

    The default setting is DHCP-enabled operation (i.e., “Obtain an IP address automatically”). See ???.

    Figure8.2.Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties.

    Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties.

    Many network administrators will want to use DHCP to configure all client TCP/IP protocol stack settings. (For information on how to configure the ISC DHCP server for Windows client support see the DNS and DHCP Configuration Guide, DHCP Server.

    If it is necessary to provide a fixed IP address, click on “Use the following IP address” and enter the IP Address, the subnet mask, and the default gateway address in the boxes provided.

  3. Click the Advanced button to proceed with TCP/IP configuration. This opens a panel in which it is possible to create additional IP addresses for this interface. The technical name for the additional addresses is IP aliases , and additionally this panel permits the setting of more default gateways (routers). In most cases where DHCP is used, it will not be necessary to create additional settings. See ??? to see the appearance of this panel.

    Figure8.3.Advanced Network Settings

    Advanced Network Settings

    Fixed settings may be required for DNS and WINS if these settings are not provided automatically via DHCP.

  4. Click the DNS tab to add DNS server settings. The example system uses manually configured DNS settings. When finished making changes, click the OK to commit the settings. See ???.

    Figure8.4.DNS Configuration.

    DNS Configuration.

  5. Click the WINS tab to add manual WINS server entries. This step demonstrates an example system that uses manually configured WINS settings. When finished making changes, click OK to commit the settings. See ???.

    Figure8.5.WINS Configuration

    WINS Configuration

MS Windows 2000

There are two paths to the Windows 2000 Professional TCP/IP configuration panel. Choose the access method that you prefer:

Click Start -> Control Panel -> Network and Dial-up Connections.

Alternatively, click Start, then right-click My Network Places, and select Properties.

The following procedure steps through the Windows XP Professional TCP/IP configuration process:

  1. Right-click on Local Area Connection, then click Properties. See ???.

    Figure8.6.Local Area Connection Properties.

    Local Area Connection Properties.

  2. The Local Area Connection Properties is used to set TCP/IP protocol settings. Click on Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) in the Components checked are used by this connection: box, then click the Properties button.

  3. The default setting is DHCP-enabled operation (i.e., “Obtain an IP address automatically”). See ???.

    Figure8.7.Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties.

    Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties.

    Many network administrators will want to use DHCP to configure all client TCP/IP protocol stack settings. (For information on how to configure the ISC DHCP server for Windows client support, see, ???.

    If it is necessary to provide a fixed IP address, click on “Use the following IP address” and enter the IP Address, the subnet mask, and the default gateway address in the boxes provided. For this example we are assuming that all network clients will be configured using DHCP.

  4. Click the Advanced button to proceed with TCP/IP configuration. Refer to ???.

    Figure8.8.Advanced Network Settings.

    Advanced Network Settings.

    Fixed settings may be required for DNS and WINS if these settings are not provided automatically via DHCP.

  5. Click the DNS tab to add DNS server settings. The example system uses manually configured DNS settings. When finished making changes, click OK to commit the settings. See ???.

    Figure8.9.DNS Configuration.

    DNS Configuration.

  6. Click the WINS tab to add manual WINS server entries. This step demonstrates an example system that uses manually configured WINS settings. When finished making changes, click OK to commit the settings. See ???.

    Figure8.10.WINS Configuration.

    WINS Configuration.

MS Windows Me

There are two paths to the Windows Millennium edition (Me) TCP/IP configuration panel. Choose the access method that you prefer:

Click Start -> Control Panel -> Network Connections.

Alternatively, click on Start ->, and right click on My Network Places then select Properties.

The following procedure steps through the Windows Me TCP/IP configuration process:

  1. In the box labeled The following network components are installed:, click on Internet Protocol TCP/IP, then click on the Properties button. See ???.

    Figure8.11.The Windows Me Network Configuration Panel.

    The Windows Me Network Configuration Panel.

  2. Many network administrators will want to use DHCP to configure all client TCP/IP protocol stack settings. (For information on how to configure the ISC DHCP server for Windows client support see the DNS and DHCP Configuration Guide, DHCP Server. The default setting on Windows Me workstations is for DHCP-enabled operation (i.e., Obtain IP address automatically is enabled). See ???.

    Figure8.12.IP Address.

    IP Address.

    If it is necessary to provide a fixed IP address, click on Specify an IP address and enter the IP Address and the subnet mask in the boxes provided. For this example we are assuming that all network clients will be configured using DHCP.

  3. Fixed settings may be required for DNS and WINS if these settings are not provided automatically via DHCP.

  4. If necessary, click the DNS Configuration tab to add DNS server settings. Click the WINS Configuration tab to add WINS server settings. The Gateway tab allows additional gateways (router addresses) to be added to the network interface settings. In most cases where DHCP is used, it will not be necessary to create these manual settings.

  5. The following example uses manually configured WINS settings. See ???. When finished making changes, click OK to commit the settings.

    Figure8.13.DNS Configuration.

    DNS Configuration.

    This is an example of a system that uses manually configured WINS settings. One situation where this might apply is on a network that has a single DHCP server that provides settings for multiple Windows workgroups or domains. See ???.

    Figure8.14.WINS Configuration.

    WINS Configuration.

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