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Next: , Previous: Faces, Up: Display


19.2 Standard Faces

To see what faces are currently defined, and what they look like, type M-x list-faces-display. It's possible for a given face to look different in different frames; this command shows the appearance in the frame in which you type it.

Here are the standard faces for specifying text appearance. You can use them on specific text, when you want the effects they produce.

default
This face is used for ordinary text that doesn't specify any other face.
bold
This face uses a bold variant of the default font, if it has one. It's up to you to choose a default font that has a bold variant, if you want to use one.
italic
This face uses an italic variant of the default font, if it has one.
bold-italic
This face uses a bold italic variant of the default font, if it has one.
underline
This face underlines text.
fixed-pitch
This face forces use of a particular fixed-width font.
variable-pitch
This face forces use of a particular variable-width font. It's reasonable to customize this to use a different variable-width font, if you like, but you should not make it a fixed-width font.
shadow
This face is used for making the text less noticeable than the surrounding ordinary text. Usually this can be achieved by using shades of gray in contrast with either black or white default foreground color.

Here's an incomplete list of faces used to highlight parts of the text temporarily for specific purposes. (Many other modes define their own faces for this purpose.)

highlight
This face is used for highlighting portions of text, in various modes. For example, mouse-sensitive text is highlighted using this face.
mode-line-highlight
Like highlight, but used for portions of text on mode lines.
isearch
This face is used for highlighting Isearch matches.
lazy-highlight
This face is used for lazy highlighting of Isearch and Query Replace matches other than the current one.
region
This face is used for displaying a selected region (when Transient Mark mode is enabled—see below).
secondary-selection
This face is used for displaying a secondary X selection (see Secondary Selection).
trailing-whitespace
The face for highlighting excess spaces and tabs at the end of a line when show-trailing-whitespace is non-nil; see Useless Whitespace.
nobreak-space
The face for displaying the character “nobreak space”.
escape-glyph
The face for highlighting the ‘\’ or ‘^’ that indicates a control character. It's also used when ‘\’ indicates a nobreak space or nobreak (soft) hyphen.

When Transient Mark mode is enabled, the text of the region is highlighted when the mark is active. This uses the face named region; you can control the style of highlighting by changing the style of this face (see Face Customization). See Transient Mark, for more information about Transient Mark mode and activation and deactivation of the mark.

These faces control the appearance of parts of the Emacs frame. They exist as faces to provide a consistent way to customize the appearance of these parts of the frame.

mode-line
modeline
This face is used for the mode line of the currently selected window, and for menu bars when toolkit menus are not used. By default, it's drawn with shadows for a “raised” effect on window systems, and drawn as the inverse of the default face on non-windowed terminals. modeline is an alias for the mode-line face, for compatibility with old Emacs versions.
mode-line-inactive
Like mode-line, but used for mode lines of the windows other than the selected one (if mode-line-in-non-selected-windows is non-nil). This face inherits from mode-line, so changes in that face affect mode lines in all windows.
header-line
Similar to mode-line for a window's header line. Most modes don't use the header line, but some special modes, such the Info mode, do.
vertical-border
This face is used for the vertical divider between windows. By default this face inherits from the mode-line-inactive face on character terminals. On window systems the foreground color of this face is used for the vertical line between windows without scrollbars.
minibuffer-prompt
This face is used for the prompt strings displayed in the minibuffer. By default, Emacs automatically adds this face to the value of minibuffer-prompt-properties, which is a list of text properties used to display the prompt text.
fringe
The face for the fringes to the left and right of windows on graphic displays. (The fringes are the narrow portions of the Emacs frame between the text area and the window's right and left borders.) See Fringes.
scroll-bar
This face determines the visual appearance of the scroll bar. See Scroll Bars.
border
This face determines the color of the frame border.
cursor
This face determines the color of the cursor.
mouse
This face determines the color of the mouse pointer.
tool-bar
This is the basic tool-bar face. No text appears in the tool bar, but the colors of this face affect the appearance of tool bar icons. See Tool Bars.
tooltip
This face is used for tooltips. See Tooltips.
menu
This face determines the colors and font of Emacs's menus. See Menu Bars. Setting the font of LessTif/Motif menus is currently not supported; attempts to set the font are ignored in this case. Likewise, attempts to customize this face in Emacs built with GTK and in the MS-Windows port are ignored by the respective GUI toolkits; you need to use system-wide styles and options to change the appearance of the menus.

 
 
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