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6.3 Pattern Matching

Now that you are familiar with some of the basics of regular expressions, you probably want to know how to use them in Perl. Doing so is very easy. There is an operator, =~, that you can use to match a regular expression against scalar variables. Regular expressions in Perl are placed between two forward slashes (i.e., //). The whole $scalar =~ // expression will evaluate to 1 if a match occurs, and undef if it does not.

Consider the following code sample:

use strict; while ( defined($currentLine = <STDIN>) ) { if ($currentLine =~ /^(J|R)MS speaks:/) { print $currentLine; } }

This code will go through each line of the input, and print only those lines that start with "JMS speaks:" or "RMS speaks:".

  Published under the terms of the GNU General Public License Design by Interspire