22.3. Command files
A command file for gdb is a file of lines that are gdb
commands. Comments (lines starting with #) may also be included.
An empty line in a command file does nothing; it does not mean to repeat
the last command, as it would from the terminal.
When you start gdb, it automatically executes commands from its
init files, normally called .gdbinit.
During startup, gdb does the following:
Reads the init file (if any) in your home directory.
Processes command line options and operands.
Reads the init file (if any) in the current working directory.
Reads command files specified by the -x option.
The init file in your home directory can set options (such as set
complaints) that affect subsequent processing of command line options
and operands. Init files are not executed if you use the -nx
option (refer to Section 4.1.2 Choosing modes).
On some configurations of gdb, the init file is known by a
different name (these are typically environments where a specialized
form of gdb may need to coexist with other forms, hence a
different name for the specialized version's init file). These are the
environments with special init file names:
VxWorks (Wind River Systems real-time OS): .vxgdbinit
OS68K (Enea Data Systems real-time OS): .os68gdbinit
ES-1800 (Ericsson Telecom AB M68000 emulator): .esgdbinit
You can also request the execution of a command file with the
- source filename
Execute the command file filename.
The lines in a command file are executed sequentially. They are not
printed as they are executed. An error in any command terminates
execution of the command file and control is returned to the console.
Commands that would ask for confirmation if used interactively proceed
without asking when used in a command file. Many gdb commands that
normally print messages to say what they are doing omit the messages
when called from command files.
gdb also accepts command input from standard input. In this
mode, normal output goes to standard output and error output goes to
standard error. Errors in a command file supplied on standard input do
not terminate execution of the command file -- execution continues with
the next command.
(The syntax above will vary depending on the shell used.) This example
will execute commands from the file cmds. All output and errors
would be directed to log.