3.1 The Personal Settings
The Personal Settings are the central place for users to change the
overall appearance and behavior of many components of the KDE desktop.
Start the Personal Settings from the main menu by selecting .
Figure 3-1 Personal Settings
HINT: Starting Individual Modules
You can also start individual modules of the Personal Settings from
the shell or by adding a special applet to your panel.
To start modules from a shell, enter kcmshell4
--list to get a list of all modules available.
Then enter kcmshell4 module
name to start the desired
Alternatively, add the applet to your
panel according to the description in Section 3.4, Configuring the Panel.
The and tabs
provide different categories of settings. To get an impression of the
numerous possibilities, just click a category icon and explore the
possibilities provided there. Performing tasks in some areas of the
personal settings requires system administrator (root) permissions.
Change the settings as desired. No changes take effect until you click
. To discard changes in the recent view that
you have not yet applied, click . To reset all
items in the recent view to the default values, click
To get back to the start-up view showing all categories again, click
. You can also enter a search string at the
top of the window (for example, ) to
find the category which holds options related to the search string.
Each character you enter in the field narrows
down the search.
The following list introduces the major categories and highlights the
most important settings you can change there. Detailed information about
the settings of each category is provided by the
button on each page of the settings or in the help center.
The tab holds the following
Holds settings for the appearance of your KDE 4 desktop, such
as themes, window decorations, and styles of desktop elements.
Allows you to configure 3D desktops effects, increase or decrease
the number of virtual (multiple) desktops, or to configure screen saver
options. Cursor behavior, window behavior and the splash screen
that appears on KDE start-up can also be influenced here.
Holds settings for changing the default paths to some
important directories for your data: Desktop,
Documents. Allows you to change the default
applications like e-mail client, text editor, messenger, and Web
browser that are called whenever a KDE application needs to start
an application of these types. Define country and
language-specific options here, such as default spell checking
options, currency, number and date
format, and keyboard layouts for different languages between which
you can switch. This category also offers accessibility options
for handicapped users, such as sound and keyboard options and
Allows you to set options for local network browsing and
Allows you to configure date and time settings for your KDE
desktop, to change size and orientation of your display, and to
specify power management options for saving energy. Also holds
settings for joysticks, keyboard and mouse. For example, you can
view and modify the predefined KDE shortcuts (for example, Alt+Ctrl+L to lock the screen). You can also install personal or
systemwide fonts here and configure your sound system.
On the tab, find the following
- Advanced User Settings
Use this category to configure options like encoding or which
database to connect for track listings of audio CDs, to
configure your digital camera, or to change the settings for KWallet
(the KDE password management tool). If needed, change the default
file associations to identify a file type and start an appropriate
application. Define how KDE handles sessions on login or shutdown
and define which applications should be started
Hold option for the login manager, power management and
In the following sections, find examples of how to configure some
aspects of your KDE desktop that you might want to customize.