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Samba HowTo Guide
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Features and Benefits

This is one of the most difficult chapters to summarize. It does not matter what we say here, for someone will still draw conclusions and/or approach the Samba Team with expectations that are either not yet capable of being delivered or that can be achieved far more effectively using a totally different approach. In the event that you should have a persistent concern that is not addressed in this book, please email John H. Terpstra clearly setting out your requirements and/or question, and we will do our best to provide a solution.

Samba-3 can act as a Backup Domain Controller (BDC) to another Samba Primary Domain Controller (PDC). A Samba-3 PDC can operate with an LDAP account backend. The LDAP backend can be either a common master LDAP server or a slave server. The use of a slave LDAP server has the benefit that when the master is down, clients may still be able to log onto the network. This effectively gives Samba a high degree of scalability and is an effective solution for large organizations. If you use an LDAP slave server for a PDC, you will need to ensure the master's continued availability if the slave finds its master down at the wrong time, you will have stability and operational problems.

While it is possible to run a Samba-3 BDC with a non-LDAP backend, that backend must allow some form of "two-way" propagation of changes from the BDC to the master. At this time only LDAP delivers the capability to propagate identity database changes from the BDC to the PDC. The BDC can use a slave LDAP server, while it is preferable for the PDC to use as its primary an LDAP master server.

The use of a non-LDAP backend SAM database is particularly problematic because domain member servers and workstations periodically change the Machine Trust Account password. The new password is then stored only locally. This means that in the absence of a centrally stored accounts database (such as that provided with an LDAP-based solution) if Samba-3 is running as a BDC, the BDC instance of the domain member trust account password will not reach the PDC (master) copy of the SAM. If the PDC SAM is then replicated to BDCs, this results in overwriting the SAM that contains the updated (changed) trust account password with resulting breakage of the domain trust.

Considering the number of comments and questions raised concerning how to configure a BDC, let's consider each possible option and look at the pros and cons for each possible solution. The Domain Backend Account Distribution Options table below lists possible design configurations for a PDC/BDC infrastructure.

Table5.1.Domain Backend Account Distribution Options

PDC Backend BDC Backend Notes/Discussion

Master LDAP Server

Slave LDAP Server

The optimal solution that provides high integrity. The SAM will be replicated to a common master LDAP server.

Single Central LDAP Server

Single Central LDAP Server

A workable solution without failover ability. This is a usable solution, but not optimal.

tdbsam

tdbsam + net rpc vampire

Does not work with Samba-3.0; Samba does not implement the server-side protocols required.

tdbsam

tdbsam + rsync

Do not use this configuration. Does not work because the TDB files are live and data may not have been flushed to disk. Furthermore, this will cause domain trust breakdown.

smbpasswd file

smbpasswd file

Do not use this configuration. Not an elegant solution due to the delays in synchronization and also suffers from the issue of domain trust breakdown.

Samba HowTo Guide
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