The vsftpd RPM installs the /etc/rc.d/init.d/vsftpd script, which can be
accessed using the /sbin/service
To start the server, as root type:
/sbin/service vsftpd start
To stop the server, as root type:
/sbin/service vsftpd stop
The restart option is a shorthand way of
stopping and then starting vsftpd. This is
the most efficient way to make configuration changes take effect
after editing the configuration file for vsftpd.
To restart the server, as root type:
/sbin/service vsftpd restart
The condrestart (conditional restart) option only starts vsftpd if it is currently running. This option is
useful for scripts, because it does not start the daemon if it is
To conditionally restart the server, as root type:
/sbin/service vsftpd condrestart
By default, the vsftpd service does
not start automatically at boot time. To
configure the vsftpd service to start at
boot time, use an initscript utility, such as /sbin/chkconfig, /sbin/ntsysv, or the Services Configuration Tool program. Refer to the
chapter titled Controlling Access to
Services in Red Hat Enterprise Linux
System Administration Guide for more information regarding
Sometimes one computer is used to serve multiple FTP domains.
This is a technique called multihoming.
One way to multihome using vsftpd is by
running multiple copies of the daemon, each with its own
To do this, first assign all relevant IP addresses to network
devices or alias network devices on the system. Refer to the
chapter titled Network Configuration in
Red Hat Enterprise Linux System Administration
Guide for more information about configuring network devices
and device aliases. Additional information can be found about
network configuration scripts in Chapter 8 Network
Next, the DNS server for the FTP domains must be configured to
reference the correct machine. If the DNS server is running on Red
Hat Enterprise Linux, refer to the chapter titled BIND Configuration in Red Hat
Enterprise Linux System Administration Guide for instructions
about using the Domain Name Service
Configuration Tool (system-config-bind). For information about BIND and
its configuration files, refer to Chapter 12
Berkeley Internet Name Domain (BIND).
For vsftpd to answer requests on
different IP addresses, multiple copies of the daemon must be
running. The first copy must be run using the vsftpd initscripts, as outlined in Section 15.4 Starting and Stopping
vsftpd. This copy uses the
standard configuration file, /etc/vsftpd/vsftpd.conf.
Each additional FTP site must have a configuration file with a
unique name in the /etc/vsftpd/
directory, such as /etc/vsftpd/vsftpd-site-2.conf. Each configuration
file must be readable and writable only by root. Within each
configuration file for each FTP server listening on an IPv4
network, the following directive must be unique:
Replace N.N.N.N with the
unique IP address for the FTP site being
served. If the site is using IPv6, use the listen_address6 directive instead.
Once each additional server has a configuration file, the
vsftpd daemon must be launched from a root
shell prompt using the following command:
vsftpd /etc/vsftpd/<configuration-file> &
In the above command, replace <configuration-file> with the unique name
for the server's configuration file, such as /etc/vsftpd/vsftpd-site-2.conf.
Other directives to consider altering on a per-server basis
For a detailed list of directives available within vsftpd's configuration file, refer to Section 15.5 vsftpd Configuration Options.
To configure any additional servers to start automatically at
boot time, add the above command to the end of the /etc/rc.local file.