Every file system being exported to remote users via NFS, as well as the access level for those file systems, are listed in the
/etc/exports file. When the
nfs service starts, the
/usr/sbin/exportfs command launches and reads this file, passes control to
rpc.mountd (if NFSv2 or NFSv3) for the actual mounting process, then to
rpc.nfsd where the file systems are then available to remote users.
When issued manually, the
/usr/sbin/exportfs command allows the root user to selectively export or unexport directories without restarting the NFS service. When given the proper options, the
/usr/sbin/exportfs command writes the exported file systems to
rpc.mountd refers to the
xtab file when deciding access privileges to a file system, changes to the list of exported file systems take effect immediately.
The following is a list of commonly-used options available for
Causes all directories listed in
/etc/exports to be exported by constructing a new export list in
/etc/lib/nfs/xtab. This option effectively refreshes the export list with any changes made to
Causes all directories to be exported or unexported, depending on what other options are passed to
/usr/sbin/exportfs. If no other options are specified,
/usr/sbin/exportfs exports all file systems specified in
Specifies directories to be exported that are not listed in
with additional file systems to be exported. These file systems must be formatted in the same way they are specified in
. Refer to Section 10.6.1, “ The
/etc/exports Configuration File”
for more information on
syntax. This option is often used to test an exported file system before adding it permanently to the list of file systems to be exported.
/etc/exports; only options given from the command line are used to define exported file systems.
Unexports all shared directories. The command
/usr/sbin/exportfs -ua suspends NFS file sharing while keeping all NFS daemons up. To re-enable NFS sharing, use
Verbose operation, where the file systems being exported or unexported are displayed in greater detail when the
exportfs command is executed.
If no options are passed to the
exportfs command, it displays a list of currently exported file systems. For more information about the
exportfs command, refer to
exportfs with NFSv4
exportfs command is used to maintain the NFS table of exported file systems. When used with no arguments,
exportfs shows all the exported directories.
Since NFSv4 no longer utilizes the
MOUNT protocol, which was used with the NFSv2 and NFSv3 protocols, the mounting of file systems has changed.
An NFSv4 client now has the ability to see all of the exports served by the NFSv4 server as a single file system, called the NFSv4 pseudo-file system. On Red Hat Enterprise Linux, the pseudo-file system is identified as a single, real file system, identified at export with the