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Red Hat Enterprise Linux 9 Essentials Book now available.

Purchase a copy of Red Hat Enterprise Linux 9 (RHEL 9) Essentials

Red Hat Enterprise Linux 9 Essentials Print and eBook (PDF) editions contain 34 chapters and 298 pages

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Chapter 14. Keyboard Configuration

This chapter describes how to change the keyboard layout, as well as how to add the Keyboard Indicator applet to the panel. It also covers the option to enforce a typing break, and explains both advantages and disadvantages of doing so.

14.1. Changing the Keyboard Layout

The installation program allowed you to configure a keyboard layout for your system. However, the default settings may not always suit your current needs. To configure a different keyboard layout after the installation, use the Keyboard Preferences tool.
To open Keyboard Layout Preferences, select SystemPreferencesKeyboard from the panel, and click the Layouts tab.
Keybord Layout Preferences
Keyboard Layout Preferences
Figure 14.1. Keybord Layout Preferences

You will be presented with a list of available layouts. To add a new one, click the Add... button below the list, and you will be prompted to chose which layout you want to add.
Choosing a layout
Choosing a layout
Figure 14.2. Choosing a layout

Currently, there are two ways how to chose the keyboard layout: you can either find it by the country it is associated with (the By country tab), or you can select it by the language (the By language tab). In either case, first select the desired country or language from the Country or Language pulldown menu, then specify the variant from the Variants menu. The preview of the layout changes immediately. To confirm the selection, click Add.
Selecting the default layout
Selecting the default layout
Figure 14.3. Selecting the default layout

The layout should appear in the list. To make it the default, select the radio button next to its name. The changes take effect immediately. Note that there is a text-entry field at the bottom of the window where you can safely test your settings. Once you are satisfied, click Close to close the window.
Testing the layout
Testing the layout
Figure 14.4. Testing the layout

Suggestion: Disable Separate Layout for Each Window

By default, changing the keyboard layout affects the active window only. This means that if you change the layout and switch to another window, this window will use the old one, which might be confusing. To turn this unfortunate behavior off, unselect the Separate layout for each window check box.
Disabling separate layout for each window
Doing this has its drawbacks though, as you will no longer be able to chose the default layout by selecting the radio button as shown in Figure 14.3, “Selecting the default layout”. To make the layout the default, simply drag it at the beginning of the list.
Changing the order of layouts

  Published under the terms of the Creative Commons License Design by Interspire