7.3. Configuring persistent storage in Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5
This section is for systems with external or networked storage; that is, Fibre Channel or iSCSI based storage devices. It is recommended that those systems have persistent device names configured for your hosts. This assists live migration as well as providing consistent device names and storage for multiple virtualized systems.
Universally Unique Identifiers(UUIDs) are a standardized method for identifying computers and devices in distributed computing environments. UUIDs in this section are used to identify iSCSI or Fibre Channel LUNs. UUIDs persist after restarts, disconnection and device swaps. The UUID is similar to a label on the device.
Single path configuration
This procedure implements
device persistence using
. Only use this procedure for hosts which are not using
is line commented out.
Add the following line:
This option configures
udev to assume all attached SCSI devices return a UUID.
To display the UUID for a given device run the
scsi_id -g -s /dev/sd* command. For example:
# scsi_id -g -s /dev/sdc
The output may vary from the example above. The output displays the UUID of the device
Verify the UUID output by the
scsi_id -g -s /dev/sd* command is identical from computer which accesses the device.
Create a rule to name the device. Create a file named
20-names.rules in the
/etc/udev/rules.d directory. Add new rules to this file. All rules are added to the same file using the same format. Rules follow this format:
KERNEL="sd*", BUS="scsi", PROGRAM="/sbin/scsi_id -g -s", RESULT=
with the UUID retrieved above, and a name for the device. This is a rule for the example above:
KERNEL="sd*", BUS="scsi", PROGRAM="/sbin/scsi_id -g -s", RESULT="3600a0b800013275100000015427b625e", NAME="rack4row16"
udev daemon now searches all devices named
/dev/sd* for the UUID in the rule. Once a matching device is connected to the system the device is assigned the name from the rule. In the a device with a UUID of 3600a0b800013275100000015427b625e would appear as
Append this line to
Copy the changes in the
/etc/rc.local files to all relevant hosts.
Networked storage devices with configured rules now have persistent names on all hosts where the files were updated This means you can migrate guests between hosts using the shared storage and the guests can access the storage devices in their configuration files.
Multiple path configuration
multipath package is used for systems with more than one physical path from the computer to storage devices.
multipath provides fault tolerance, fail-over and enhanced performance for network storage devices attached to Red Hat Enterprise Linux systems.
Implementing LUN persistence in a
multipath environment requires defined alias names for your multipath devices. Each storage device has a UUID which acts as a key for the aliased names. Identify a device's UUID using the
# scsi_id -g -s /dev/sdc
The multipath devices will be created in the
/dev/mpath directory. In the example below 4 devices are defined in
This configuration will create 4 LUNs named
/dev/mpath/oramp4. Once entered, the mapping of the devices' WWID to their new names are now persistent after rebooting.