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Red Hat Enterprise Linux 9 Essentials Book now available.

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Red Hat Enterprise Linux 9 Essentials Print and eBook (PDF) editions contain 34 chapters and 298 pages

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24.7. Configuring a System to Authenticate Using OpenLDAP

This section provides a brief overview of how to configure OpenLDAP user authentication. Unless you are an OpenLDAP expert, more documentation than is provided here is necessary. Refer to the references provided in Section 24.9, “Additional Resources” for more information.

Install the Necessary LDAP Packages.

First, make sure that the appropriate packages are installed on both the LDAP server and the LDAP client machines. The LDAP server needs the openldap-servers package.

The openldap, openldap-clients, and nss_ldap packages need to be installed on all LDAP client machines.

Edit the Configuration Files.

  • On the server, edit the /etc/openldap/slapd.conf file on the LDAP server to make sure it matches the specifics of the organization. Refer to Section 24.6.1, “Editing /etc/openldap/slapd.conf” for instructions about editing slapd.conf.

  • On the client machines, both /etc/ldap.conf and /etc/openldap/ldap.conf need to contain the proper server and search base information for the organization.

    To do this, run the graphical Authentication Configuration Tool (system-config-authentication) and select Enable LDAP Support under the User Information tab.

    It is also possible to edit these files by hand.

  • On the client machines, the /etc/nsswitch.conf must be edited to use LDAP.

    To do this, run the Authentication Configuration Tool (system-config-authentication) and select Enable LDAP Support under the User Information tab.

    If editing /etc/nsswitch.conf by hand, add ldap to the appropriate lines.

    For example:

    passwd: files ldap 
    shadow: files ldap 
    group: files ldap

24.7.1. PAM and LDAP

To have standard PAM-enabled applications use LDAP for authentication, run the Authentication Configuration Tool (system-config-authentication) and select Enable LDAP Support under the the Authentication tab. For more about configuring PAM, refer to Section 42.4, “Pluggable Authentication Modules (PAM)” and the PAM man pages.

24.7.2. Migrating Old Authentication Information to LDAP Format

The /usr/share/openldap/migration/ directory contains a set of shell and Perl scripts for migrating authentication information into an LDAP format.


Perl must be installed on the system to use these scripts.

First, modify the file so that it reflects the correct domain. The default DNS domain should be changed from its default value to something like:


The default base should also be changed to something like:

$DEFAULT_BASE = "dc=example,dc=com";

The job of migrating a user database into a format that is LDAP readable falls to a group of migration scripts installed in the same directory. Using Table 24.1, “LDAP Migration Scripts”, decide which script to run to migrate the user database.

Run the appropriate script based on the existing name service.

The README and the migration-tools.txt files in the /usr/share/openldap/migration/ directory provide more details on how to migrate the information.

Existing name service Is LDAP running? Script to Use
/etc flat files yes
/etc flat files no
NetInfo yes
NetInfo no
NIS (YP) yes
NIS (YP) no

Table 24.1. LDAP Migration Scripts

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