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Chapter 5. gdb Commands

You can abbreviate a gdb command to the first few letters of the command name, if that abbreviation is unambiguous; and you can repeat certain gdb commands by typing just [RET]. You can also use the [TAB] key to get gdb to fill out the rest of a word in a command (or to show you the alternatives available, if there is more than one possibility).

5.1. Command syntax

A gdb command is a single line of input. There is no limit on how long it can be. It starts with a command name, which is followed by arguments whose meaning depends on the command name. For example, the command step accepts an argument which is the number of times to step, as in step 5. You can also use the step command with no arguments. Some commands do not allow any arguments.

gdb command names may always be truncated if that abbreviation is unambiguous. Other possible command abbreviations are listed in the documentation for individual commands. In some cases, even ambiguous abbreviations are allowed; for example, s is specially defined as equivalent to step even though there are other commands whose names start with s. You can test abbreviations by using them as arguments to the help command.

A blank line as input to gdb (typing just [RET]) means to repeat the previous command. Certain commands (for example, run) will not repeat this way; these are commands whose unintentional repetition might cause trouble and which you are unlikely to want to repeat.

The list and x commands, when you repeat them with [RET], construct new arguments rather than repeating exactly as typed. This permits easy scanning of source or memory.

gdb can also use [RET] in another way: to partition lengthy output, in a way similar to the common utility more (refer to Section 21.4 Screen size). Since it is easy to press one [RET] too many in this situation, gdb disables command repetition after any command that generates this sort of display.

Any text from a # to the end of the line is a comment; it does nothing. This is useful mainly in command files (refer to Section 22.3 Command files).

The C-o binding is useful for repeating a complex sequence of commands. This command accepts the current line, like RET, and then fetches the next line relative to the current line from the history for editing.

  Published under the terms of the GNU General Public License Design by Interspire