There are two types of ACLs: access ACLs and
default ACLs. An access ACL is the access control
list for a specific file or directory. A default ACL can only be
associated with a directory; if a file within the directory does not
have an access ACL, it uses the rules of the default ACL for the
directory. Default ACLs are optional.
ACLs can be configured:
Via the effective rights mask
For users not in the user group for the file
The setfacl utility sets ACLs for files and
directories. Use the -m option to add
or modify the ACL of a file or directory:
setfacl -m <rules> <files>
Rules (<rules>) must be specified in
the following formats. Multiple rules can be specified in the same
command if they are separated by commas.
Sets the access ACL for a user. The user name or UID may be
specified. The user may be any valid user on the system.
Sets the access ACL for a group. The group name or GID may be
specified. The group may be any valid group on the system.
Sets the effective rights mask. The mask is the union of all
permissions of the owning group and all of the user and group
Sets the access ACL for users other than the ones in the group
for the file.
White space is ignored. Permissions
(<perms>) must be a combination of the
x for read, write, and execute.
If a file or directory already has an ACL, and the
setfacl command is used, the additional rules are
added to the existing ACL or the existing rule is modified.
For example, to give read and write permissions to user andrius:
setfacl -m u:andrius:rw /project/somefile
To remove all the permissions for a user, group, or others, use the
-x option and do not specify any
setfacl -x <rules> <files>
For example, to remove all permissions from the user with UID 500:
setfacl -x u:500 /project/somefile