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## The `random` Module

The `random` module is made available to your program with:

```import random
```

The `random` module contains the following functions for working with simple distributions of random numbers. There are numerous other, more sophisticated distributions available, but some later exercises will only use these functions.

`random.choice `( `sequence` ) → value

chooses a random value from the sequence sequence . Example: ```random.choice( ['red', 'black', 'green'] )```.

`random.random ` → number

a random floating point number, r , 0 ≤ r < 1.0.

`random.randrange `( ```[start,] stop [,step]``` ) → integer

choose a random element from ```range ```( `start` , `stop` , `step` ). Examples: `randrange(6)` returns a number, n , 0 ≤ n < 6. `randrange(1,7)` returns a number, n , 1 ≤ n < 7. `randrange(10,100,5)` returns a number, n , between 10 and 95 incremented by 5's, 10 ≤ 5 k < 100.

`random.uniform `( `a` , `b` ) → number

a random floating point number, r , a r < b .

The `randrange` has two optional values, making it particularly flexible. Here's an example of some of the alternatives.

Example 5.1. demorandom.py

```#!/usr/bin/env python
import random
# Simple Range 0 <= r < 6
print random.randrange(6), random.randrange(6)
# More complex range 1 <= r < 7
print random.randrange(1,7), random.randrange(1,7)
# Really complex range of even numbers between 2 and 36
print random.randrange(2,37,2)
# Odd numbers from 1 to 35
print random.randrange(1,36,2)

```

This demonstrates a number of ways of generating random numbers. It uses the basic `random.randrange` with a variety of different kinds of arguments.

 Published under the terms of the Open Publication License Design by Interspire