Follow Techotopia on Twitter

On-line Guides
All Guides
eBook Store
iOS / Android
Linux for Beginners
Office Productivity
Linux Installation
Linux Security
Linux Utilities
Linux Virtualization
Linux Kernel
System/Network Admin
Programming
Scripting Languages
Development Tools
Web Development
GUI Toolkits/Desktop
Databases
Mail Systems
openSolaris
Eclipse Documentation
Techotopia.com
Virtuatopia.com

How To Guides
Virtualization
General System Admin
Linux Security
Linux Filesystems
Web Servers
Graphics & Desktop
PC Hardware
Windows
Problem Solutions
Privacy Policy

  




 

 

System Administration Guide: Devices and File Systems
Previous Next

Recovering a Corrupted Disk Label

Sometimes, a power or system failure causes a disk's label to become unrecognizable. A corrupted disk label doesn't always mean that the slice information or the disk's data must be re-created or restored.

The first step to recovering a corrupted disk label is to label the disk with the correct geometry and disk type information. You can complete this step through the normal disk labeling method, by using either automatic configuration or manual disk type specification.

If the format utility recognizes the disk type, the next step is to search for a backup label to label the disk. Labeling the disk with the backup label labels the disk with the correct partitioning information, the disk type, and disk geometry.

How to Recover a Corrupted Disk Label

  1. Boot the system to single-user mode.

    If necessary, boot the system from a local CD-ROM or the network in single-user mode to access the disk.

    See Chapter 10, Booting a System (Tasks), in System Administration Guide: Basic Administration or Chapter 12, Booting a Solaris System With GRUB (Tasks), in System Administration Guide: Basic Administration for information on booting the system.

  2. Relabel the disk.
    # format

    The format utility attempts to automatically configure any unlabeled SCSI disk. If the format utility is able to configure the unlabeled and corrupted disk, it will display this message:

    cwtxdy: configured with capacity of abcMB

    The format utility then displays a numbered list of disks on the system.

  3. Type the number of the disk that you need to recover.
    Specify disk (enter its number): 1
  4. Select one of the following to determine how to label the disk.
    • If the disk was configured successfully, follow Steps 5 and 6. Then go to step 12.

    • If the disk was not configured successfully, follow Steps 7–11. Then go to step 12.

  5. Search for the backup label.
    format> verify
    Warning: Could not read primary label.
    Warning: Check the current partitioning and 'label' the disk or 
    use the 'backup' command.
    Backup label contents:
    Volume name = <        >
    ascii name  = <SUN1.05 cyl 2036 alt 2 hd 14 sec 72>
    pcyl        = 2038
    ncyl        = 2036
    acyl        =    2
    nhead       =   14
    nsect       =   72
    Part      Tag    Flag     Cylinders        Size            Blocks
      0       root    wm       0 -  300      148.15MB    (301/0/0)   303408
      1       swap    wu     301 -  524      110.25MB    (224/0/0)   225792
      2     backup    wm       0 - 2035     1002.09MB    (2036/0/0) 2052288
      3 unassigned    wm       0               0         (0/0/0)          0
      4 unassigned    wm       0               0         (0/0/0)          0
      5 unassigned    wm       0               0         (0/0/0)          0
      6        usr    wm     525 - 2035      743.70MB    (1511/0/0) 1523088
      7 unassigned    wm       0               0         (0/0/0)          0
  6. If the format utility was able to find a backup label and the backup label contents appear satisfactory, use the backup command to label the disk with the backup label.
    format> backup
    Disk has a primary label, still continue? y
     
    Searching for backup labels...found.
    Restoring primary label

    The disk label has been recovered. Go to Step 12.

  7. If the format utility was not able to automatically configure the disk, specify the disk type by using the type command.
    format> type

    The Available Drives Type menu is displayed.

  8. Select 0 to automatically configure the disk. Or, select a disk type from the list of possible disk types.
    Specify disk type (enter its number)[12]: 12
  9. If the disk was successfully configured, reply with no when the format utility asks if you want to label the disk.
    Disk not labeled.  Label it now?  no
  10. Use the verify command to search for backup labels.
    format> verify
    Warning: Could not read primary label.
    Warning: Check the current partitioning and 'label' the disk
    or use the 'backup' command.
    .
    .
    .
  11. If the format utility was able to find a backup label and the backup label contents appear satisfactory, use the backup command to label the disk with the backup label.
    format> backup
    Disk has a primary label, still continue? y
    Searching for backup labels...found.
    Restoring primary label

    The disk label has been recovered.

  12. Exit the format utility.
    format> q
  13. Verify the file systems on the recovered disk by using the fsck command.

    For information on using the fsck command, see Chapter 22, Checking UFS File System Consistency (Tasks).

Previous Next

 
 
  Published under the terms fo the Public Documentation License Version 1.01. Design by Interspire