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Application Packaging Developer's Guide
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Installing and Removing a Driver With Procedure Scripts

This package installs a driver.

Techniques

This case study demonstrates the following techniques:

  • Installing and loading a driver with a postinstall script

  • Unloading a driver with a preremove script

For more information on these scripts, see Writing Procedure Scripts.

Approach

  • Create a request script.

    The request script determines where the administrator wants the driver objects to be installed, by questioning the administrator and assigning the answer to the $KERNDIR parameter.

    The script ends with a routine to make the two parameters CLASSES and KERNDIR available to the installation environment and the postinstall script.

  • Create a postinstall script.

    The postinstall script actually performs the driver installation. It is executed after the two files buffer and buffer.conf have been installed. The postinstall file shown for this example performs the following actions:

    • Uses the add_drv command to load the driver into the system.

    • Creates a link for the device using the installf command.

    • Finalizes the installation using the installf -f command.

    • Creates a preremove script.

      The preremove script uses the rem_drv command to unload the driver from the system, and then removes the link /dev/buffer0.

Case Study Files

The pkginfo File
PKG=bufdev
NAME=Buffer Device
CATEGORY=system
BASEDIR=/
ARCH=INTEL
VERSION=Software Issue #19
CLASSES=none
The prototype File

To install a driver at the time of installation, you must include the object and configuration files for the driver in the prototype file.

In this example, the executable module for the driver is named buffer; the add_drv command operates on this file. The kernel uses the configuration file, buffer.conf, to help configure the driver.

i pkginfo
i request
i postinstall
i preremove
f none $KERNDIR/buffer 444 root root
f none $KERNDIR/buffer.conf 444 root root

Looking at the prototype file for this example, notice the following:

  • Since no special treatment is required for the package objects, you can put them into the standard none class. The CLASSES parameter is set to none in the pkginfo file.

  • The path names for buffer and buffer.conf begin with the variable $KERNDIR. This variable is set in the request script and allows the administrator to decide where the driver files should be installed. The default directory is /kernel/drv.

  • There is an entry for the postinstall script (the script that will perform the driver installation).

The request Script
trap 'exit 3' 15
# determine where driver object should be placed; location
# must be an absolute path name that is an existing directory
KERNDIR=`ckpath -aoy -d /kernel/drv -p \
“Where do you want the driver object installed”` || exit $?

# make parameters available to installation service, and
# so to any other packaging scripts
cat >$1 <<!

CLASSES='$CLASSES'
KERNDIR='$KERNDIR'
!
exit 0
The postinstall Script
# KERNDIR parameter provided by `request' script
err_code=1                    # an error is considered fatal
# Load the module into the system
cd $KERNDIR
add_drv -m '* 0666 root sys' buffer || exit $err_code
# Create a /dev entry for the character node
installf $PKGINST /dev/buffer0=/devices/eisa/buffer*:0 s
installf -f $PKGINST
The preremove Script
err_code=1                    # an error is considered fatal
# Unload the driver
rem_drv buffer || exit $err_code
# remove /dev file
removef $PKGINST /dev/buffer0 ; rm /dev/buffer0
removef -f $PKGINST
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