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The sed FAQ
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4.20. How do I change only one section of a file?

You can match a range of lines by line number, by regexes (say, all lines between the words "from" and "until"), or by a combination of the two. For multiple substitutions on the same range, put the command(s) between braces {...}. For example:

     # replace only between lines 1 and 20
     1,20 s/Johnson/White/g

     # replace everywhere EXCEPT between lines 1 and 20
     1,20 !s/Johnson/White/g

     # replace only between words "from" and "until". Note the
     # use of \<....\> as word boundary markers in GNU sed.
     /from/,/until/ { s/\<red\>/magenta/g; s/\<blue\>/cyan/g; }

     # replace only from the words "ENDNOTES:" to the end of file
     /ENDNOTES:/,$ { s/Schaff/Herzog/g; s/Kraft/Ebbing/g; }

For technical details on using address ranges, see section 3.3 ("Addressing and Address ranges").

The sed FAQ
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   Reprinted courtesy of Eric Pement. Also available at Design by Interspire