4.15. How do I prevent regex expansion on substitutions?
Sometimes you want to match regular expression metacharacters as
literals (e.g., you want to match "[0-9]" or "\n"), to be replaced
with something else. The ordinary way to prevent expanding
metacharacters is to prefix them with a backslash. Thus, if "\n"
matches a newline, "\\n" will match the two-character string of
'backslash' followed by 'n'.
But doing this repeatedly can become tedious if there are many
regexes. The following script will replace alternating strings of
literals, where no character is interpreted as a regex
# filename: sub_quote.sed
# author: Paolo Bonzini
# sed script to add backslash to find/replace metacharacters
N; # add even numbered line to pattern space
s,/\\$*,\\&,g; # quote all of [, ], /, \, $, or *
s,^,s/,; # prepend "s/" to front of pattern space
s,$,/,; # append "/" to end of pattern space
s,\n,/,; # change "\n" to "/", making s/from/to/
#---end of script---
Here's a sample of how sub_quote.sed might be used. This example
converts typical sed regexes to perl-style regexes. The input file
consists of 10 lines:
Run the command "sed -f sub_quote.sed input", to transform the
input file (above) to 5 lines of output:
The above file is itself a sed script, which can then be used to
modify other files.