Each message can have various labels assigned to it as a means
of classification. Each label has a name; different names are different
labels. Any given label is either present or absent on a particular
message. A few label names have standard meanings and are given to
messages automatically by Rmail when appropriate; these special labels
are called attributes.
All other labels are assigned only by users.
- a label <RET>
- Assign the label label to the current message (
- k label <RET>
- Remove the label label from the current message (
- C-M-n labels <RET>
- Move to the next message that has one of the labels labels
- C-M-p labels <RET>
- Move to the previous message that has one of the labels labels
- l labels <RET>
- C-M-l labels <RET>
- Make a summary of all messages containing any of the labels labels
The a (
rmail-add-label) and k
rmail-kill-label) commands allow you to assign or remove any
label on the current message. If the label argument is empty, it
means to assign or remove the same label most recently assigned or
Once you have given messages labels to classify them as you wish, there
are two ways to use the labels: in moving and in summaries.
The command C-M-n labels <RET>
rmail-next-labeled-message) moves to the next message that has
one of the labels labels. The argument labels specifies one
or more label names, separated by commas. C-M-p
rmail-previous-labeled-message) is similar, but moves backwards
to previous messages. A numeric argument to either command serves as a
The command C-M-l labels <RET>
rmail-summary-by-labels) displays a summary containing only the
messages that have at least one of a specified set of labels. The
argument labels is one or more label names, separated by commas.
See Rmail Summary, for information on summaries.
If the labels argument to C-M-n, C-M-p or
C-M-l is empty, it means to use the last set of labels specified
for any of these commands.