You can teach GRUB to boot an entry only at next boot time. Suppose
that your have an old kernel old_kernel and a new kernel
new_kernel. You know that old_kernel can boot
your system correctly, and you want to test new_kernel.
To ensure that your system will go back to the old kernel even if the
new kernel fails (e.g. it panics), you can specify that GRUB should
try the new kernel only once and boot the old kernel after that.
First, modify your configuration file. Here is an example:
default saved # This is important!!!
title the old kernel
title the new kernel
savedefault 0 # This is important!!!
Note that this configuration file uses `default saved'
(see default) at the head and `savedefault 0'
(see savedefault) in the entry for the new kernel. This means
that GRUB boots a saved entry by default, and booting the entry for the
new kernel saves `0' as the saved entry.
With this configuration file, after all, GRUB always tries to boot the
old kernel after it booted the new one, because `0' is the entry
of the old kernel.
The next step is to tell GRUB to boot the new kernel at next boot
time. For this, execute grub-set-default (see Invoking grub-set-default):
# grub-set-default 1
This command sets the saved entry to `1', that is, to the new
This method is useful, but still not very robust, because GRUB stops
booting, if there is any error in the boot entry, such that the new
kernel has an invalid executable format. Thus, it it even better to
use the fallback mechanism of GRUB. Look at next subsection for
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