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5.6.1 Portability of Headers

This section tries to collect knowledge about common headers, and the problems they cause. By definition, this list always requires additions. Please help us keeping it as complete as possible.

limits.h
C99 says that limits.h defines LLONG_MIN, LLONG_MAX, and ULLONG_MAX, but many almost-C99 environments (e.g., default GCC 4.0.2 + glibc 2.4) do not define them.
inttypes.h vs. stdint.h
The C99 standard says that inttypes.h includes stdint.h, so there's no need to include stdint.h separately in a standard environment. Some implementations have inttypes.h but not stdint.h (e.g., Solaris 7), but we don't know of any implementation that has stdint.h but not inttypes.h.
linux/irda.h
It requires linux/types.h and sys/socket.h.
linux/random.h
It requires linux/types.h.
net/if.h
On Darwin, this file requires that sys/socket.h be included beforehand. One should run:
          AC_CHECK_HEADERS([sys/socket.h])
          AC_CHECK_HEADERS([net/if.h], [], [],
          [#include <stdio.h>
          #if STDC_HEADERS
          # include <stdlib.h>
          # include <stddef.h>
          #else
          # if HAVE_STDLIB_H
          #  include <stdlib.h>
          # endif
          #endif
          #if HAVE_SYS_SOCKET_H
          # include <sys/socket.h>
          #endif
          ])
     

netinet/if_ether.h
On Darwin, this file requires that stdio.h and sys/socket.h be included beforehand. One should run:
          AC_CHECK_HEADERS([sys/socket.h])
          AC_CHECK_HEADERS([netinet/if_ether.h], [], [],
          [#include <stdio.h>
          #if STDC_HEADERS
          # include <stdlib.h>
          # include <stddef.h>
          #else
          # if HAVE_STDLIB_H
          #  include <stdlib.h>
          # endif
          #endif
          #if HAVE_SYS_SOCKET_H
          # include <sys/socket.h>
          #endif
          ])
     

stdint.h
See above, item inttypes.h vs. stdint.h.
stdlib.h
On many systems (e.g., Darwin), stdio.h is a prerequisite.
sys/mount.h
On FreeBSD 4.8 on ia32 and using gcc version 2.95.4, sys/params.h is a prerequisite.
sys/ptem.h
On Solaris 8, sys/stream.h is a prerequisite.
sys/socket.h
On Darwin, stdlib.h is a prerequisite.
sys/ucred.h
On HP Tru64 5.1, sys/types.h is a prerequisite.
X11/extensions/scrnsaver.h
Using XFree86, this header requires X11/Xlib.h, which is probably so required that you might not even consider looking for it.
          AC_CHECK_HEADERS([X11/extensions/scrnsaver.h], [], [],
          [[#include <X11/Xlib.h>
          ]])
     

 
 
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