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4. Preparing Media

To install Fedora Core from discs, you need five installation CDs, or the installation DVD. There are separate disc sets for each supported architecture.

For instructions to download and prepare this CD or DVD installation media, refer to https://fedora.redhat.com/download/. If you already have the full set of Fedora Core installation media, skip to Section 1.1, “Booting from CD, DVD, or USB Media”.

[Important] Architecture-Specific Distributions

To install Fedora Core, you must use the boot and installation media that is particular to your architecture.

You may use the first CD or DVD installation disc from the complete Fedora Core distribution to boot your computer. The Fedora Core distribution also includes image files for boot-only CD or DVD media and USB media. These files can be converted into bootable media using standard Linux utilities or third-party programs on other operating systems.

You may boot your computer with boot-only media, and load the installation system from another source to continue the process. The types of installation source for Fedora include:

  • CD or DVD media installation discs

  • hard drive, either attached by USB, or internal to the computer

  • network installation server, using either HTTP, FTP, or NFS

You can use this facility to install Fedora Core on machines without using installation discs. For example, you may install Fedora Core on a laptop with no CD or DVD drive by booting the machine with a USB pen drive, and then using a hard drive as an installation source.

The supported boot media for Fedora include:

  • CD or DVD media (either installation disc #1 or a special boot-only disc)

  • USB media

  • network interface (via PXE)

[Note] Installation from Diskettes

There is no option to either boot or install Fedora Core from diskettes.

4.1. Preparing CD or DVD Media

The images/boot.iso file on the first Fedora Core installation disc is a boot image designed for CD and DVD media. This file also appears on FTP and Web sites providing Fedora Core. You can also find this file on mirror sites in the Fedora Core distribution directory for your particular architecture.

To convert an ISO file into a physical CD, use the option in your CD-writing program that burns a CD image file to a CD. If you copy the file itself to a CD instead, the disc will not boot or work correctly. Refer to your CD writing program documentation for instructions. If you are using Linux, use the following command to burn a CD image file to a blank recordable CD:


cdrecord --device=
cdwriter-device
 -tao -eject 
image-file.iso



4.2. Preparing USB Boot Media

[Warning] Data Loss

This procedure destroys data on the media. Back up any important information before you begin. Some models of USB media use additional partitions or software to provide functions such as encryption. This procedure may make it difficult or impossible to access these special areas on your boot media.

The images/diskboot.img file on the first Fedora Core installation disc is a boot image designed for USB media. This file also appears on FTP and Web sites providing Fedora Core.

Several software utilities are available for Windows and Linux that can write image files to a device. Linux includes the dd command for this purpose. To write an image file to boot media with dd on a current version of Fedora Core:

  1. Locate the image file.

  2. Attach or insert the media.

  3. Your system may automatically detect and open the media. If that happens, close or unmount the media before continuing.

  4. Open a terminal window.

  5. In the terminal window, type the following command:

    
    dd if=diskboot.img of=/dev/sda
    
    

 
 
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