8.4.2. Booting into a Graphical Environment
If you have installed the X Window System but are not seeing a graphical desktop environment once you log into your system, you can start the X Window System graphical interface using the command
Once you enter this command and press
, the graphical desktop environment is displayed.
Note, however, that this is just a one-time fix and does not change the log in process for future log ins.
To set up your system so that you can log in at a graphical login screen, you must edit one file,
/etc/inittab, by changing just one number in the runlevel section. When you are finished, reboot the computer. The next time you log in, you are presented with a graphical login prompt.
Open a shell prompt. If you are in your user account, become root by typing the
gedit /etc/inittab to edit the file with
. The file
/etc/inittab opens. Within the first screen, a section of the file which looks like the following appears:
# Default runlevel. The runlevels used are:
# 0 - halt (Do NOT set initdefault to this)
# 1 - Single user mode
# 2 - Multiuser, without NFS (The same as 3, if you do not have networking)
# 3 - Full multiuser mode
# 4 - unused
# 5 - X11
# 6 - reboot (Do NOT set initdefault to this)
To change from a console to a graphical login, you should change the number in the line
id:3:initdefault: from a
3 to a
the number of the default runlevel from
Your changed line should look like the following:
When you are satisfied with your change, save and exit the file using the
keys. A window appears and asks if you would like to save the changes. Click .
The next time you log in after rebooting your system, you are presented with a graphical login prompt.