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Gtk+/Gnome Application Development
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A Canvas Example

This section gives a brief example program, demonstrating the user of the canvas. It does not explain the particulars of the canvas items being created; see the section called Standard Canvas Item Reference for that. Figure 9 shows the example program in action. You can drag canvas items around the screen with the left mouse button; clicking an item with the Shift key held down destroys it.

Figure 9. Simple GnomeCanvas program

Here is the code to create an antialiased canvas. Notice the call to gdk_rgb_init(); notice that the canvas's scroll region is set; finally, notice that the GdkRGB colormap and visual are pushed when creating the canvas.


#include <gnome.h>

static gint delete_event_cb(GtkWidget* window, GdkEventAny* e, gpointer data);
static void create_canvas_items(GtkWidget* canvas);

int 
main(int argc, char* argv[])
{
  GtkWidget* window;
  GtkWidget* sw;
  GtkWidget* canvas;

  gnome_init("canvas-example", "0.0", argc, argv);  

  gdk_rgb_init();

  window = gtk_window_new(GTK_WINDOW_TOPLEVEL);

  gtk_window_set_title(GTK_WINDOW(window), "Canvas Example");

  gtk_window_set_policy(GTK_WINDOW(window), TRUE, TRUE, TRUE);

  gtk_signal_connect(GTK_OBJECT(window),
                     "delete_event",
                     GTK_SIGNAL_FUNC(delete_event_cb),
                     NULL);

  sw = gtk_scrolled_window_new(NULL, NULL);

  gtk_scrolled_window_set_policy(GTK_SCROLLED_WINDOW(sw),
                                 GTK_POLICY_AUTOMATIC,
                                 GTK_POLICY_AUTOMATIC);


  gtk_widget_push_visual(gdk_rgb_get_visual());
  gtk_widget_push_colormap(gdk_rgb_get_cmap());
  canvas = gnome_canvas_new_aa();
  gtk_widget_pop_colormap();
  gtk_widget_pop_visual();

  gnome_canvas_set_scroll_region(GNOME_CANVAS(canvas), 0, 0, 600, 450);

  create_canvas_items(canvas);

  gtk_container_add(GTK_CONTAINER(sw), canvas);
  gtk_container_add(GTK_CONTAINER(window), sw);

  gtk_window_set_default_size(GTK_WINDOW(window), 300, 300);

  gtk_widget_show_all(window);

  gtk_main();

  return 0;
}

static gint 
delete_event_cb(GtkWidget* window, GdkEventAny* e, gpointer data)
{
  gtk_main_quit();
  return FALSE;
}
      

Once the canvas has been created, the program adds some items to it, and connects a simple callback to the item's "event" signal. Here's the code:


static gint
item_event(GnomeCanvasItem *item, GdkEvent *event, gpointer data)
{
  static double x, y;
  double new_x, new_y;
  GdkCursor *fleur;
  static int dragging;
  double item_x, item_y;

  item_x = event->button.x;
  item_y = event->button.y;
  gnome_canvas_item_w2i(item->parent, &item_x, &item_y);

  switch (event->type) 
    {
    case GDK_BUTTON_PRESS:
      switch(event->button.button) 
        {
        case 1:
          if (event->button.state & GDK_SHIFT_MASK)
            {
              gtk_object_destroy(GTK_OBJECT(item));
            }
          else 
            {
              x = item_x;
              y = item_y;
              
              fleur = gdk_cursor_new(GDK_FLEUR);
              gnome_canvas_item_grab(item,
                                     GDK_POINTER_MOTION_MASK | 
                                     GDK_BUTTON_RELEASE_MASK,
                                     fleur,
                                     event->button.time);
              gdk_cursor_destroy(fleur);
              dragging = TRUE;
            }
          break;

        default:
          break;
        }
      break;

    case GDK_MOTION_NOTIFY:
      if (dragging && (event->motion.state & GDK_BUTTON1_MASK)) 
        {
          new_x = item_x;
          new_y = item_y;
            
          gnome_canvas_item_move(item, new_x - x, new_y - y);
          x = new_x;
          y = new_y;
        }
      break;
          
    case GDK_BUTTON_RELEASE:
      gnome_canvas_item_ungrab(item, event->button.time);
      dragging = FALSE;
      break;
          
    default:
      break;
    }
        
  return FALSE;
}

static void
setup_item(GnomeCanvasItem *item)
{
  gtk_signal_connect(GTK_OBJECT(item), "event",
                     (GtkSignalFunc) item_event,
                     NULL);
}

static void 
create_canvas_items(GtkWidget* canvas)
{
  GnomeCanvasPoints* points;
  GnomeCanvasGroup* group;
  GnomeCanvasItem* item;
  double affine[6];

  group = gnome_canvas_root(GNOME_CANVAS(canvas));

  /* A polygon */
  points = gnome_canvas_points_new(14);

  points->coords[0] = 270.0;
  points->coords[1] = 330.0;
  points->coords[2] = 270.0;
  points->coords[3] = 430.0;
  points->coords[4] = 390.0;
  points->coords[5] = 430.0;
  points->coords[6] = 390.0;
  points->coords[7] = 330.0;
  points->coords[8] = 310.0;
  points->coords[9] = 330.0;
  points->coords[10] = 310.0;
  points->coords[11] = 390.0;
  points->coords[12] = 350.0;
  points->coords[13] = 390.0;
  points->coords[14] = 350.0;
  points->coords[15] = 370.0;
  points->coords[16] = 330.0;
  points->coords[17] = 370.0;
  points->coords[18] = 330.0;
  points->coords[19] = 350.0;
  points->coords[20] = 370.0;
  points->coords[21] = 350.0;
  points->coords[22] = 370.0;
  points->coords[23] = 410.0;
  points->coords[24] = 290.0;
  points->coords[25] = 410.0;
  points->coords[26] = 290.0;
  points->coords[27] = 330.0;

  item = gnome_canvas_item_new(group,
                               gnome_canvas_polygon_get_type (),
                               "points", points,
                               "fill_color", "tan",
                               "outline_color", "black",
                               "width_units", 3.0,
                               NULL);

  setup_item(item);

  gnome_canvas_points_unref(points);

  /* Translate the polygon */

  art_affine_translate(affine, -150.0, -300.0);

  gnome_canvas_item_affine_relative(item, affine);

  /* A translucent rectangle */
  setup_item (gnome_canvas_item_new (group,
                                     gnome_canvas_rect_get_type(),
                                     "x1", 90.0,
                                     "y1", 40.0,
                                     "x2", 180.0,
                                     "y2", 100.0,
                                     "fill_color_rgba", 0x3cb37180,
                                     "outline_color", "black",
                                     "width_units", 4.0,
                                     NULL));

  /* A translucent ellipse */
  setup_item (gnome_canvas_item_new (group,
                                     gnome_canvas_ellipse_get_type(),
                                     "x1", 210.0,
                                     "y1", 80.0,
                                     "x2", 280.0,
                                     "y2", 140.0,
                                     "fill_color_rgba", 0x5f9ea080,
                                     "outline_color", "black",
                                     "width_pixels", 0,
                                     NULL));

  /* Create ellipses arranged in a line; they're manipulated as a
     single item. */

  group = 
    GNOME_CANVAS_GROUP (gnome_canvas_item_new (group,
                                               gnome_canvas_group_get_type(),
                                               "x", 0.0,
                                               "y", 0.0,
                                               NULL));
  setup_item(GNOME_CANVAS_ITEM(group));

  {
    double xpos = 20.0;
    while (xpos < 300.0)
      {
        gnome_canvas_item_new(group,
                              gnome_canvas_ellipse_get_type(),
                              "x1", xpos,
                              "y1", 100.0,
                              "x2", xpos + 10.0,
                              "y2", 110.0,
                              "fill_color_rgba", 0x0000FFFF,
                              "outline_color_rgba", 0xFF,
                              NULL);
        xpos += 15.0;
      }
  }
}
      
Gtk+/Gnome Application Development
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