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13.5.2.5. OPTIMIZE TABLE Syntax

OPTIMIZE [LOCAL | NO_WRITE_TO_BINLOG] TABLE tbl_name [, tbl_name] ...

OPTIMIZE TABLE should be used if you have deleted a large part of a table or if you have made many changes to a table with variable-length rows (tables that have VARCHAR, VARBINARY, BLOB, or TEXT columns). Deleted rows are maintained in a linked list and subsequent INSERT operations reuse old row positions. You can use OPTIMIZE TABLE to reclaim the unused space and to defragment the data file.

In most setups, you need not run OPTIMIZE TABLE at all. Even if you do a lot of updates to variable-length rows, it is not likely that you need to do this more than once a week or month and only on certain tables.

OPTIMIZE TABLE works only for MyISAM, BDB, and InnoDB tables.

For MyISAM tables, OPTIMIZE TABLE works as follows:

  1. If the table has deleted or split rows, repair the table.

  2. If the index pages are not sorted, sort them.

  3. If the table's statistics are not up to date (and the repair could not be accomplished by sorting the index), update them.

For BDB tables, OPTIMIZE TABLE currently is mapped to ANALYZE TABLE. See Section 13.5.2.1, “ANALYZE TABLE Syntax”.

For InnoDB tables, OPTIMIZE TABLE is mapped to ALTER TABLE, which rebuilds the table to update index statistics and free unused space in the clustered index.

You can make OPTIMIZE TABLE work on other storage engines by starting mysqld with the --skip-new or --safe-mode option. In this case, OPTIMIZE TABLE is just mapped to ALTER TABLE.

OPTIMIZE TABLE returns a result set with the following columns:

Column Value
Table The table name
Op Always optimize
Msg_type One of status, error, info, or warning
Msg_text The message

Note that MySQL locks the table during the time OPTIMIZE TABLE is running.

OPTIMIZE TABLE statements are written to the binary log unless the optional NO_WRITE_TO_BINLOG keyword(or its alias LOCAL) is used. This is done so that OPTIMIZE TABLE statements used on a MySQL server acting as a replication master will be replicated by default to the replication slave.


 
 
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