It is relatively easy to create and modify the tables of a database with PgAccess through its graphical interface.
Figure 6-3 shows this dialog window.
Figure 6-3. The PgAccess Create new table dialog box
To create a table, first click on the Tables tab, then click the New button to open the "Create new table" window.
This window contains various fields and buttons that allow you to modify the attributes of the table you are creating.
Basically, these commands are visual representations of the options found in the SQL CREATE TABLE
The following list names available inputs within the PgAccess Create Table Dialog:
- Table name
The name of the table you wish to create within PostgreSQL.
You can set what table(s) from which this table will inherit attributes. A list of
available tables is located in the drop-down box. Note that the list is not restricted
to holding just one value; you can click the downward arrow button and choose another
table to add that table to the inheritance list.
Enter any expressions you wish to have checked on INSERT and UPDATE
Enter any constraints you wish to place upon the table.
The following subsections talk about how to add fields to a table and about how to insert and delete rows.
To add a field to the table, set its attributes with the field name,
type, size, and Default value fields, and set its options
with the "field cannot be null" and "primary key" check box options. Once you have
chosen the options, click the "Add field" button to add the field to the field list. You are able to
move fields up and down through the list with the "Move up" and "Move down"
buttons, delete a field with the "Delete field" button, and delete all fields with the
"Delete all" button.
Once you are ready to add the table into your database, click the Create button. The following
subsections discuss how to insert and delete of rows.
It is possible to insert values into a table using PgAccess; in fact, the process is fairly simple. Click on
the Table tab to view the list of tables, then click on the table you wish to modify and click
After clicking Open, you should see a window of rows and columns that contain the various
fields of your table. You can tab through these columns and rows to reach a target field, or just use your mouse to click on it.
The row chosen will become highlighted and a cursor will appear showing you the location of the new data. The database will not be
updated with your changes until you tab out of the field you were editing; or, alternatively, click into another
field with your mouse. PgAccess displays the message: "Updating database..." after you complete one of these
It may be useful to note that it is possible to both sort and filter the table data by making
use of two fields at the top of the table window, named logically "Sort field" and "Filter conditions." It is possible to
sort the table by a field or multiple fields by typing the name of the field into the "Sort field" box, optionally
including "ASC" or "DESC" if you wish for the sort to be ascending or descending, respectively. You can choose to sort by
multiple fields. To do this, include the names of other fields in a comma-delimited list. As an example, you could use the
following to sort a list of names by the lastname field, ascending:
To use the "Filter conditions" box, enter filter conditions such as the following:
(age < 45) and (avgsalary > 40000)
The process for updating table data is the same as for inserting, but you change existing rows rather than adding
To delete values from a table, open it in the same manner you would when attempting to insert values: click on the
Tables tab, then click on the table you wish to modify and click Open. Within
this window are the columns and rows of the table, filled with whatever data has been entered. You can either delete
rows, or specific fields within a row. To delete a row, click on the desired row, then hit the Delete key on your
keyboard. PgAccess will display a dialog box asking for confirmation of the delete, in case your choice to delete was
accidental. To delete the contents of a field, or the partial contents of a field, click or tab into that field and use the
Backspace key to delete characters.