a Windows Partition
I have a dual-boot system with Red Hat
Enterprise Linux and Windows 98. Is there a way to access my
Windows partition while I am running Linux?
You can access another partition on your system (for example, a
Windows partition), in two different ways.
You should first determine where your Windows partition is
located by determining what physical hard disk your Windows
partition is located in (such as the primary master IDE drive or
the the first SCSI drive). To find this information, you can use
the Hardware Browser, which lists
detailed information about the hardware in your Red Hat Enterprise
To start the Hardware Browser, choose
=> => .
14-1 shows Hardware Browser in
Figure 14-1. Hardware Browser hard disk device
Select from the panel and
find your Windows partition from the Disk
Information displayed. Windows partitions normally use the FAT
or FAT32 file system type. This file system type can be mounted and
read within Linux; however, if your Windows partition uses NTFS,
then you cannot mount and read from it as Red Hat Enterprise Linux
does not support NTFS file systems. Note the Device information for your Windows partition, as
this is the device that you mount to access your Windows data.
Once you have determined where your Windows partition is located
on your hard drive, log in as root (type su and then enter the root password) at a
Create a directory in which the Windows partition is mounted by
typing the following command. For example:
Before you can access the partition, you must mount it in the
directory you just created. As root, type the following command at
a shell prompt (where /dev/hda1 is the
Windows partition you found via Hardware
mount -t vfat /dev/hda1 /mnt/windows
You may then logout of root user mode and access your Windows
data by changing into the mounted Windows partition:
To automatically mount a Windows partition every time you boot
your Red Hat Enterprise Linux system, you must modify the
/etc/fstab file, which configures all
file systems and disk device mounting options.
At a shell prompt, su - to root,
following the above example.
Next, open the /etc/fstab in a text
editor by typing (for example):
Add the following on a new line (replacing /dev/hda1 with the Windows partition you found via
/dev/hda1 /mnt/windows vfat auto,umask=0 0 0
Save the file and exit your text editor.
The next time the system is rebooted, the /etc/fstab file is read, and the Windows partition
is automatically mounted in the directory /mnt/windows. To access the partition at a shell
prompt, type the command cd /mnt/windows.
To navigate through directories or files with spaces, surround the
name of the directory or file with quotation marks, as in
ls "Program Files".