In many ways, directories are treated like files. They can be
created, deleted, moved and copied from Nautilus or from a shell prompt, using commands
similar to those for files.
You must have write permissions in a directory in order to
create a new sub-directory. Most users have these permissions in
their home directory (and its sub-directories) and the /tmp/ directory.
To create a new directory with Nautilus, navigate to the location of your new
directory. Right-click in a blank portion of the window and select
Create Folder. A new folder icon appears
with the highlighted text untitled folder.
Type a name for your folder and press [Enter] .
To create a new directory using a shell prompt, use the command
mkdir. Enter: mkdir <directory-name>,
replacing <directory-name> with the intended
title of the new directory.
To delete a directory from Nautilus,
right click on it and choose Move to Trash,
or click and drag the icon to the Trash on
To delete an empty directory from a shell prompt, enter the
command rmdir. To delete a directory that
may not be empty (and consequently everything inside that
directory), enter the command rm -rf
Refer to Section 4.5.5
Delete files with rm for more information regarding the
Applications create "dot" directories as well as dot files. Dot
files are a single hidden configuration file — a dot
directory is a hidden directory of configuration and other files
required by the application. The non-configuration files in these
directories are generally user-specific, and will be available only
to the user who installed them.