34.4. Troubleshooting with serial consoles
Linux kernels can output information to serial ports. This is useful for debugging kernel panics and hardware issues with video devices or headless servers. The subsections in this section cover setting up serial console output for machines running Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6 virtualization kernels and their virtualized guests.
This section covers how to enable serial console output for fully virtualized guests.
Fully virtualized guest serial console output can be viewed with the
virsh console command.
Be aware fully virtualized guest serial consoles have some limitations. Present limitations include:
The serial port is called
ttyS0 on Linux or
COM1 on Windows.
You must configure the virtualized operating system to output information to the virtual serial port.
To output kernel information from a fully virtualized Linux guest into the domain modify the
/boot/grub/grub.conf file by inserting the line
title Red Hat Enterprise Linux Server (2.6.32-36.x86-64)
kernel /vmlinuz-2.6.32-36.x86-64 ro root=/dev/volgroup00/logvol00
Reboot the guest.
On the host, access the serial console with the following command:
# virsh console
You can also use
virt-manager to display the virtual text console. In the guest console window, select Serial Console from the View menu.