Linux commands (and other operating system commands, when
used) are represented this way. This style should indicate
to you that you can type the word or phrase on the command
line and press Enter to
invoke a command. Sometimes a command contains words that
would be displayed in a different style on their own (such
as file names). In these cases, they are considered to be
part of the command, so the entire phrase is displayed as a
command. For example:
Use the cat testfile
command to view the contents of a file, named testfile, in the current working
File names, directory names, paths, and RPM package names
are represented this way. This style indicates that a
particular file or directory exists with that name on your
The .bashrc file in
your home directory contains bash shell definitions and
aliases for your own use.
The /etc/fstab file
contains information about different system devices and file
Install the webalizer
RPM if you want to use a Web server log file analysis
This style indicates that the program is an end-user
application (as opposed to system software). For example:
Use Mozilla to
browse the Web.
A key on the keyboard is shown in this style. For example:
To use Tab completion, type
in a character and then press the Tab key. Your terminal displays the
list of files in the directory that start with that letter.
A combination of keystrokes is represented in this way. For
key combination exits your graphical session and returns you
to the graphical login screen or the console.
text found on a GUI interface
A title, word, or phrase found on a GUI interface screen or
window is shown in this style. Text shown in this style
indicates that a particular GUI screen or an element on a
GUI screen (such as text associated with a checkbox or
Select the Require
Password checkbox if you would like your
screensaver to require a password before stopping.
A word in this style indicates that the word is the top
level of a pulldown menu. If you click on the word on the
GUI screen, the rest of the menu should appear. For example:
Under on a GNOME
terminal, the option allows you to open multiple shell
prompts in the same window.
Instructions to type in a sequence of commands from a GUI
menu look like the following example:
Go to (the
main menu on the panel) => => to start the
button on a GUI screen or window
This style indicates that the text can be found on a
clickable button on a GUI screen. For example:
Click on the Back
button to return to the webpage you last viewed.
Text in this style indicates text displayed to a shell
prompt such as error messages and responses to commands. For
The ls command displays
the contents of a directory. For example:
Desktop about.html logs paulwesterberg.png
Mail backupfiles mail reports
The output returned in response to the command (in this case,
the contents of the directory) is shown in this style.
A prompt, which is a computer's way of signifying that it is
ready for you to input something, is shown in this
Text that the user types, either on the command line or into
a text box on a GUI screen, is displayed in this style. In
the following example, text is displayed in this style:
To boot your system into the text based installation
program, you must type in the text command at the boot: prompt.
Text used in examples that is meant to be replaced with data
provided by the user is displayed in this style. In the
displayed in this style:
The directory for the kernel source is /usr/src/kernels/<version-number>/,
where <version-number> is
the version and type of kernel installed on this system.