The GridBagLayout provides you with tremendous control in deciding exactly how the regions of your window will lay themselves out and reformat themselves when the window is resized. However, it’s also the most complicated layout manager, and is quite difficult to understand. It is intended primarily for automatic code generation by a GUI builder (GUI builders might use GridBagLayout instead of absolute placement). If your design is so complicated that you feel you need to use GridBagLayout, then you should be using a GUI builder tool to generate that design. If you feel you must know the intricate details, I’ll refer you to Core Java 2, Volume 1, by Horstmann & Cornell (Prentice Hall, 2001), or a dedicated Swing book as a starting point.