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Thinking in C++
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The problem

The problem with Instrument2.cpp can be seen by running the program. The output is Instrument::play. This is clearly not the desired output, because you happen to know that the object is actually a Wind and not just an Instrument. The call should produce Wind::play. For that matter, any object of a class derived from Instrument should have its version of play( ) used, regardless of the situation.

The behavior of Instrument2.cpp is not surprising, given C’s approach to functions. To understand the issues, you need to be aware of the concept of binding.

Thinking in C++
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   Reproduced courtesy of Bruce Eckel, MindView, Inc. Design by Interspire