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Ruby Programming
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Configuring the Prompt

You have a lot of flexibility in configuring the prompts that irb uses. Sets of prompts are stored in the prompt hash:


For example, to establish a new prompt mode called ``MY_PROMPT'', you might enter the following (either directly at an irb prompt or in the .irbrc file):

IRB.conf[:PROMPT][:MY_PROMPT] = { # name of prompt mode
  :PROMPT_I => "...",             # normal prompt
  :PROMPT_S => "...",             # prompt for continuing strings
  :PROMPT_C => "...",             # prompt for continuing statement
  :RETURN => "    ==>%s\n"        # format to return value

Then, invoke irb with the prompt mode above by

% irb --prompt my-prompt

Or set the following configuration value:


The constants PROMPT_I, PROMPT_S, and PROMPT_C specify the format for each of the prompt strings. Within the prompt format, the following flags are available and will expand to the given text:

Flag Description
%N Current command.
%m to_s of the main object (self).
%M inspect of the main object (self).
%l Delimiter type. In strings that are continued across a line break, %l will display the type of delimiter used to begin the string, so you'll know how to end it. The delimiter will be one of ", ', /, ], or `.
%ni Indent level. The optional number n is used as a width specification to printf, as printf("%nd").
%nn Current line number (n used as with the indent level).
%% A literal percent sign.

For instance, the default prompt mode is defined as follows:

      :PROMPT_I => "%N(%m):%03n:%i> ",
      :PROMPT_S => "%N(%m):%03n:%i%l ",
      :PROMPT_C => "%N(%m):%03n:%i* ",
      :RETURN => "%s\n"
Ruby Programming
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