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12.6 History of the software

Python was created in the early 1990s by Guido van Rossum at Stichting Mathematisch Centrum (CWI ) in the Netherlands as a successor of a language called ABC. Guido remains Python's principal author, although it includes many contributions from others.

In 1995, Guido continued his work on Python at the Corporation for National Research Initiatives (CNRI ) in Reston, Virginia where he released several versions of the software.

In May 2000, Guido and the Python core development team moved to to form the BeOpen PythonLabs team. In October of the same year, the PythonLabs team moved to Zope Corporation (then Digital Creations). In 2001, the Python Software Foundation (PSF ) was formed, a non-profit organization created specifically to own Python-related Intellectual Property. Zope Corporation is a sponsoring member of the PSF.

The license agreement for the current version of Python is given in the next section, along with the licenses used by previous versions. The table below summarizes the release history:

Release Derived from Year Owner GPL compatible?
------- ------- ------- ------- -------
0.9.0 thru 1.2 n/a 1991-1995 CWI yes
1.3 thru 1.5.2 1.2 1995-1999 CNRI yes
1.6 1.5.2 2000 CNRI no
2.0 1.6 2000 no
1.6.1 1.6 2001 CNRI no
2.1 2.0+1.6.1 2001 PSF no
2.0.1 2.0+1.6.1 2001 PSF yes
2.1.1 2.1+2.0.1 2001 PSF yes
2.2 2.1.1 2001 PSF yes
2.1.2 2.1.1 2002 PSF yes
2.1.3 2.1.2 2002 PSF yes
2.2.1 2.2 2002 PSF yes
Note: GPL-compatible means that it is possible to combine Python with other software that is released under the GNU General Public License. Thanks to the many outside volunteers who have worked under Guido's direction to make these releases possible.

  Published under the terms of the Python License Design by Interspire