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10.6 Defining Clean-up Actions

The try statement has another optional clause which is intended to define clean-up actions that must be executed under all circumstances. For example:

    >>> try:
    ...     raise KeyboardInterrupt
    ... finally:
    ...     print 'Goodbye, world!'
    Goodbye, world!
    Traceback (most recent call last):
      File "<stdin>", line 2, in ?

A finally clause is executed whether or not an exception has occurred in the try clause. When an exception has occurred, it is re-raised after the finally clause is executed. The finally clause is also executed "on the way out" when the try statement is left via a break or return statement.

The code in the finally clause is useful for releasing external resources (such as files or network connections), regardless of whether or not the use of the resource was successful.

A try statement must either have one or more except clauses or one finally clause, but not both.

  Published under the terms of the Python License Design by Interspire