Follow Techotopia on Twitter

On-line Guides
All Guides
eBook Store
iOS / Android
Linux for Beginners
Office Productivity
Linux Installation
Linux Security
Linux Utilities
Linux Virtualization
Linux Kernel
System/Network Admin
Programming
Scripting Languages
Development Tools
Web Development
GUI Toolkits/Desktop
Databases
Mail Systems
openSolaris
Eclipse Documentation
Techotopia.com
Virtuatopia.com

How To Guides
Virtualization
General System Admin
Linux Security
Linux Filesystems
Web Servers
Graphics & Desktop
PC Hardware
Windows
Problem Solutions
Privacy Policy

  




 

 

29.13.3 Scanning the List of All Users

This section explains how a program can read the list of all users in the system, one user at a time. The functions described here are declared in pwd.h.

You can use the fgetpwent function to read user entries from a particular file.

— Function: struct passwd * fgetpwent (FILE *stream)

This function reads the next user entry from stream and returns a pointer to the entry. The structure is statically allocated and is rewritten on subsequent calls to fgetpwent. You must copy the contents of the structure if you wish to save the information.

The stream must correspond to a file in the same format as the standard password database file.

— Function: int fgetpwent_r (FILE *stream, struct passwd *result_buf, char *buffer, size_t buflen, struct passwd **result)

This function is similar to fgetpwent in that it reads the next user entry from stream. But the result is returned in the structure pointed to by result_buf. The first buflen bytes of the additional buffer pointed to by buffer are used to contain additional information, normally strings which are pointed to by the elements of the result structure.

The stream must correspond to a file in the same format as the standard password database file.

If the function returns zero result points to the structure with the wanted data (normally this is in result_buf). If errors occurred the return value is nonzero and result contains a null pointer.

The way to scan all the entries in the user database is with setpwent, getpwent, and endpwent.

— Function: void setpwent (void)

This function initializes a stream which getpwent and getpwent_r use to read the user database.

— Function: struct passwd * getpwent (void)

The getpwent function reads the next entry from the stream initialized by setpwent. It returns a pointer to the entry. The structure is statically allocated and is rewritten on subsequent calls to getpwent. You must copy the contents of the structure if you wish to save the information.

A null pointer is returned when no more entries are available.

— Function: int getpwent_r (struct passwd *result_buf, char *buffer, int buflen, struct passwd **result)

This function is similar to getpwent in that it returns the next entry from the stream initialized by setpwent. Like fgetpwent_r, it uses the user-supplied buffers in result_buf and buffer to return the information requested.

The return values are the same as for fgetpwent_r.

— Function: void endpwent (void)

This function closes the internal stream used by getpwent or getpwent_r.


 
 
  Published under the terms of the GNU General Public License Design by Interspire