To install the library and its header files, and the Info files of the
manual, type env LANGUAGE=C LC_ALL=C make install. This will
build things if necessary, before installing them. However, you should
still compile everything first. If you are installing glibc as your
primary C library, we recommend that you shut the system down to
single-user mode first, and reboot afterward. This minimizes the risk
of breaking things when the library changes out from underneath.
If you're upgrading from Linux libc5 or some other C library, you need to
replace the /usr/include with a fresh directory before installing it.
The new /usr/include should contain the Linux headers, but nothing else.
You must first build the library (`make'), optionally check it
(`make check'), switch the include directories and then install
(`make install'). The steps must be done in this order. Not moving
the directory before install will result in an unusable mixture of header
files from both libraries, but configuring, building, and checking the
library requires the ability to compile and run programs against the old
If you are upgrading from a previous installation of glibc 2.0 or 2.1,
`make install' will do the entire job. You do not need to remove
the old includes – if you want to do so anyway you must then follow the
order given above.
You may also need to reconfigure GCC to work with the new library. The
easiest way to do that is to figure out the compiler switches to make it
work again (`-Wl,--dynamic-linker=/lib/ld-linux.so.2' should work on
Linux systems) and use them to recompile gcc. You can also edit the specs
file (/usr/lib/gcc-lib/TARGET/VERSION/specs), but that
is a bit of a black art.
You can install glibc somewhere other than where you configured it to go
by setting the install_root variable on the command line for
`make install'. The value of this variable is prepended to all the
paths for installation. This is useful when setting up a chroot
environment or preparing a binary distribution. The directory should be
specified with an absolute file name.
Glibc 2.2 includes a daemon called nscd, which you
may or may not want to run. nscd caches name service lookups; it
can dramatically improve performance with NIS+, and may help with DNS as
One auxiliary program, /usr/libexec/pt_chown, is installed setuid
root. This program is invoked by the grantpt function; it
sets the permissions on a pseudoterminal so it can be used by the
calling process. This means programs like xterm and
screen do not have to be setuid to get a pty. (There may be
other reasons why they need privileges.) If you are using a 2.1 or
newer Linux kernel with the devptsfs or devfs filesystems
providing pty slaves, you don't need this program; otherwise you do.
The source for pt_chown is in login/programs/pt_chown.c.
After installation you might want to configure the timezone and locale
installation of your system. The GNU C library comes with a locale
database which gets configured with localedef. For example, to
set up a German locale with name de_DE, simply issue the command
`localedef -i de_DE -f ISO-8859-1 de_DE'. To configure all locales
that are supported by glibc, you can issue from your build directory the
command `make localedata/install-locales'.
To configure the locally used timezone, you can either set the TZ
environment variable. The script tzselect helps you to select
the right value. As an example for Germany, tzselect would tell you to
use `TZ='Europe/Berlin''. For a system wide installation (the
given paths are for an installation with `--prefix=/usr'), link the
timezone file which is in /usr/share/zoneinfo to the file
/etc/localtime. For Germany, you might execute `ln -s
Published under the terms of the GNU General Public License