Suppose you need to store an integer value which can range from zero to
one million. Which is the smallest type you can use? There is no
general rule; it depends on the C compiler and target machine. You can
use the `MIN' and `MAX' macros in limits.h to determine
which type will work.

Each signed integer type has a pair of macros which give the smallest
and largest values that it can hold. Each unsigned integer type has one
such macro, for the maximum value; the minimum value is, of course,
zero.

The values of these macros are all integer constant expressions. The
`MAX' and `MIN' macros for char and short int types have values of type int. The `MAX' and
`MIN' macros for the other types have values of the same type
described by the macro—thus, ULONG_MAX has type
unsigned long int.

SCHAR_MIN

This is the minimum value that can be represented by a signed char.

SCHAR_MAX

UCHAR_MAX

These are the maximum values that can be represented by a
signed char and unsigned char, respectively.

CHAR_MIN

This is the minimum value that can be represented by a char.
It's equal to SCHAR_MIN if char is signed, or zero
otherwise.

CHAR_MAX

This is the maximum value that can be represented by a char.
It's equal to SCHAR_MAX if char is signed, or
UCHAR_MAX otherwise.

SHRT_MIN

This is the minimum value that can be represented by a signed short int. On most machines that the GNU C library runs on,
short integers are 16-bit quantities.

SHRT_MAX

USHRT_MAX

These are the maximum values that can be represented by a
signed short int and unsigned short int,
respectively.

INT_MIN

This is the minimum value that can be represented by a signed int. On most machines that the GNU C system runs on, an int is
a 32-bit quantity.

INT_MAX

UINT_MAX

These are the maximum values that can be represented by, respectively,
the type signed int and the type unsigned int.

LONG_MIN

This is the minimum value that can be represented by a signed long int. On most machines that the GNU C system runs on, long
integers are 32-bit quantities, the same size as int.

LONG_MAX

ULONG_MAX

These are the maximum values that can be represented by a
signed long int and unsigned long int, respectively.

LONG_LONG_MIN

This is the minimum value that can be represented by a signed long long int. On most machines that the GNU C system runs on,
long long integers are 64-bit quantities.

LONG_LONG_MAX

ULONG_LONG_MAX

These are the maximum values that can be represented by a signed
long long int and unsigned long long int, respectively.

WCHAR_MAX

This is the maximum value that can be represented by a wchar_t.
See Extended Char Intro.

The header file limits.h also defines some additional constants
that parameterize various operating system and file system limits. These
constants are described in System Configuration.

Published under the terms of the GNU General Public License