The times function returns information about a process'
consumption of processor time in a struct tms object, in
addition to the process' CPU time. See Time Basics. You should
include the header file sys/times.h to use this facility.
— Data Type: struct tms
The tms structure is used to return information about process
times. It contains at least the following members:
This is the total processor time the calling process has used in
executing the instructions of its program.
This is the processor time the system has used on behalf of the calling
This is the sum of the tms_utime values and the tms_cutime
values of all terminated child processes of the calling process, whose
status has been reported to the parent process by wait or
waitpid; see Process Completion. In other words, it
represents the total processor time used in executing the instructions
of all the terminated child processes of the calling process, excluding
child processes which have not yet been reported by wait or
This is similar to tms_cutime, but represents the total processor
time system has used on behalf of all the terminated child processes
of the calling process.
All of the times are given in numbers of clock ticks. Unlike CPU time,
these are the actual amounts of time; not relative to any event.
See Creating a Process.
— Function: clock_t times (struct tms *buffer)
The times function stores the processor time information for
the calling process in buffer.
The return value is the calling process' CPU time (the same value you
get from clock(). times returns (clock_t)(-1) to
Portability Note: The clock function described in
CPU Time is specified by the ISO C standard. The
times function is a feature of POSIX.1. In the GNU system, the
CPU time is defined to be equivalent to the sum of the tms_utime
and tms_stime fields returned by times.
Published under the terms of the GNU General Public License