Obstacks work by allocating space for themselves in large chunks, and
then parceling out space in the chunks to satisfy your requests. Chunks
are normally 4096 bytes long unless you specify a different chunk size.
The chunk size includes 8 bytes of overhead that are not actually used
for storing objects. Regardless of the specified size, longer chunks
will be allocated when necessary for long objects.
The obstack library allocates chunks by calling the function
obstack_chunk_alloc, which you must define. When a chunk is no
longer needed because you have freed all the objects in it, the obstack
library frees the chunk by calling obstack_chunk_free, which you
must also define.
These two must be defined (as macros) or declared (as functions) in each
source file that uses obstack_init (see Creating Obstacks).
Most often they are defined as macros like this:
Note that these are simple macros (no arguments). Macro definitions with
arguments will not work! It is necessary that obstack_chunk_alloc
or obstack_chunk_free, alone, expand into a function name if it is
not itself a function name.
If you allocate chunks with malloc, the chunk size should be a
power of 2. The default chunk size, 4096, was chosen because it is long
enough to satisfy many typical requests on the obstack yet short enough
not to waste too much memory in the portion of the last chunk not yet used.
— Macro: int obstack_chunk_size (struct obstack *obstack-ptr)
This returns the chunk size of the given obstack.
Since this macro expands to an lvalue, you can specify a new chunk size by
assigning it a new value. Doing so does not affect the chunks already
allocated, but will change the size of chunks allocated for that particular
obstack in the future. It is unlikely to be useful to make the chunk size
smaller, but making it larger might improve efficiency if you are
allocating many objects whose size is comparable to the chunk size. Here
is how to do so cleanly:
if (obstack_chunk_size (obstack_ptr) < new-chunk-size)
obstack_chunk_size (obstack_ptr) = new-chunk-size;
Published under the terms of the GNU General Public License