The null pointer constant is guaranteed not to point to any real object.
You can assign it to any pointer variable since it has type void
*. The preferred way to write a null pointer constant is with
— Macro: void * NULL
This is a null pointer constant.
You can also use 0 or (void *)0 as a null pointer
constant, but using NULL is cleaner because it makes the purpose
of the constant more evident.
If you use the null pointer constant as a function argument, then for
complete portability you should make sure that the function has a
prototype declaration. Otherwise, if the target machine has two
different pointer representations, the compiler won't know which
representation to use for that argument. You can avoid the problem by
explicitly casting the constant to the proper pointer type, but we
recommend instead adding a prototype for the function you are calling.
Published under the terms of the GNU General Public License