The functions described in this chapter only work on files that
correspond to terminal devices. You can find out whether a file
descriptor is associated with a terminal by using the isatty
Prototypes for the functions in this section are declared in the header
— Function: int isatty (int filedes)
This function returns 1 if filedes is a file descriptor
associated with an open terminal device, and 0 otherwise.
If a file descriptor is associated with a terminal, you can get its
associated file name using the ttyname function. See also the
ctermid function, described in Identifying the Terminal.
— Function: char * ttyname (int filedes)
If the file descriptor filedes is associated with a terminal
device, the ttyname function returns a pointer to a
statically-allocated, null-terminated string containing the file name of
the terminal file. The value is a null pointer if the file descriptor
isn't associated with a terminal, or the file name cannot be determined.
— Function: int ttyname_r (int filedes, char *buf, size_t len)
The ttyname_r function is similar to the ttyname function
except that it places its result into the user-specified buffer starting
at buf with length len.
The normal return value from ttyname_r is 0. Otherwise an
error number is returned to indicate the error. The following
errno error conditions are defined for this function:
The filedes argument is not a valid file descriptor.
The filedes is not associated with a terminal.
The buffer length len is too small to store the string to be
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