The file access modes allow a file descriptor to be used for reading,
writing, or both. (In the GNU system, they can also allow none of these,
and allow execution of the file as a program.) The access modes are chosen
when the file is opened, and never change.
— Macro: int O_RDONLY
Open the file for read access.
— Macro: int O_WRONLY
Open the file for write access.
— Macro: int O_RDWR
Open the file for both reading and writing.
In the GNU system (and not in other systems), O_RDONLY and
O_WRONLY are independent bits that can be bitwise-ORed together,
and it is valid for either bit to be set or clear. This means that
O_RDWR is the same as O_RDONLY|O_WRONLY. A file access
mode of zero is permissible; it allows no operations that do input or
output to the file, but does allow other operations such as
fchmod. On the GNU system, since “read-only” or “write-only”
is a misnomer, fcntl.h defines additional names for the file
access modes. These names are preferred when writing GNU-specific code.
But most programs will want to be portable to other POSIX.1 systems and
should use the POSIX.1 names above instead.
— Macro: int O_READ
Open the file for reading. Same as O_RDWR; only defined on GNU.
— Macro: int O_WRITE
Open the file for reading. Same as O_WRONLY; only defined on GNU.
— Macro: int O_EXEC
Open the file for executing. Only defined on GNU.
To determine the file access mode with fcntl, you must extract
the access mode bits from the retrieved file status flags. In the GNU
system, you can just test the O_READ and O_WRITE bits in
the flags word. But in other POSIX.1 systems, reading and writing
access modes are not stored as distinct bit flags. The portable way to
extract the file access mode bits is with O_ACCMODE.
— Macro: int O_ACCMODE
This macro stands for a mask that can be bitwise-ANDed with the file
status flag value to produce a value representing the file access mode.
The mode will be O_RDONLY, O_WRONLY, or O_RDWR.
(In the GNU system it could also be zero, and it never includes the
Published under the terms of the GNU General Public License