When you start your system, you are usually prompted to enter your
username and password. If someone else installed your system, check with
your system administrator for your username and password.
After logging in to GNOME for the first time, you see the GNOME desktop,
offering the following basic elements:
- Desktop Icons
Access programs and features on your system by double-clicking an
icon. Right-click an icon to get additional menus and options. By
default, the desktop features several key icons, including your
personal folder and a trash can for deleted
items. Other icons representing devices on your computer, such as CD
drives, might also be present on the desktop and you can add as many
icons on your desktop as you want to. If you double-click your
folder, the Nautilus file manager starts and
displays the contents of your home directory.
- Bottom Panel
The desktop includes a panel at the bottom of the screen. This panel
contains the menu (similar to the Start
menu in Windows*), the system tray, and a taskbar to display
icons for all currently running applications. You can also add
applications and applets to the panel for easy access.
- Main Menu
Click on the far left of the bottom panel
to open the main menu. Commonly used applications appear in the main
menu, along with recently used applications. Click
to display your recent documents, or
click to display your favorite places (such
as your home directory or the desktop). Click to access additional applications listed in
categories. Use the options on the right to access help, install
additional software, open the GNOME Control Center, lock your screen,
log out of the desktop, or check the status of your hard drive and
- System Tray
The right side of the bottom panel holds some smaller icons,
including the system clock that displays the date and time, the
volume control, and icons for several other helper applications.
By default, all running applications are displayed in the taskbar
(the area in the middle of the panel between the Computer button and
the system tray). You can access any running application regardless
of the currently active desktop. Click an application name to open
it. Right-click an application name to see options for moving,
restoring, or minimizing the window.
- Desktop Menu
Right-click an empty spot on the desktop to display a menu with
various options. Click to create a
new folder. Use to create a
launcher icon for an application. Provide the name of the application
and the command for starting it, then select an icon to represent it.
You can also change the desktop background, open a terminal, create a
document, and align desktop icons.
Modifying Desktop Panels
The bottom panel can be customized to meet your individual needs, and
additional panels can be configured to further personalize your
To add a new panel, right-click a blank space in the bottom panel and
. To delete a panel, right-click a
blank space in the panel and select . openSUSE requires that at least one panel be left
on the desktop.
Adding and Removing Panel Icons
Right-click a blank space on the panel and select .
Browse to the desired program and double-click it to add it to the
To remove a program icon from a panel, right-click its icon in the
panel and select .