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openSUSE 11.1 Reference Guide
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15.4 Creating Boot CDs

If problems occur booting your system using a boot manager or if the boot manager cannot be installed on the MBR of your hard disk or a floppy disk, it is also possible to create a bootable CD with all the necessary start-up files for Linux. This requires a CD writer installed in your system.

Creating a bootable CD-ROM with GRUB merely requires a special form of stage2 called stage2_eltorito and, optionally, a customized menu.lst. The classic files stage1 and stage2 are not required.

Creating Boot CDs

  1. Change into a directory in which to create the ISO image, for example: cd /tmp

  2. Create a subdirectory for GRUB and change into the newly created iso directory:

    mkdir -p iso/boot/grub && cd iso
  3. Copy the kernel, the files stage2_eltorito, initrd, menu.lst, and message to iso/boot/:

    cp /boot/vmlinuz boot/
    cp /boot/initrd boot/
    cp /boot/message boot/
    cp /usr/lib/grub/stage2_eltorito boot/grub
    cp /boot/grub/menu.lst boot/grub
  4. Adjust the path entries in boot/grub/menu.lst to make them point to a CD-ROM device. Do this by replacing the device name of the hard disks, listed in the format (hdx,y), in the pathnames with (cd), the device name of the CD-ROM drive. You may also need to adjust the paths to the message file, the kernel, and the initrd—they need to point to /boot/message, /boot/vmlinuz and /boot/initrd, respectively. After having made the adjustments, menu.lst should look similar to the following example:

    timeout 8
    default 0
    gfxmenu (cd)/boot/message
    
    title Linux
       root (cd)
       kernel /boot/vmlinuz root=/dev/sda5 vga=794 resume=/dev/sda1 \
       splash=verbose showopts
       initrd /boot/initrd

    Use splash=silent instead of splash=verbose to prevent the boot messages from appearing during the boot procedure.

  5. Create the ISO image with the following command:

    genisoimage -R -b boot/grub/stage2_eltorito -no-emul-boot \
    -boot-load-size 4 -boot-info-table -iso-level 2 -input-charset utf-8 \
    -o grub.iso /tmp/iso
  6. Write the resulting file grub.iso to a CD using your preferred utility. Do not burn the ISO image as data file, but use the option for burning a CD image in your burning utility.

openSUSE 11.1 Reference Guide
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