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openSUSE 11.1 Reference Guide
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28.1 Quick Start

With the help of this section, quickly set up and start Apache. You must be root to install and configure Apache.

28.1.1 Requirements

Make sure that the following requirements are met before trying to set up the Apache Web server:

  1. The machine's network is configured properly. For more information about this topic, refer to Section 20.0, Basic Networking.

  2. The machine's exact system time is maintained by synchronizing with a time server. This is necessary because parts of the HTTP protocol depend on the correct time. See Section 24.0, Time Synchronization with NTP to learn more about this topic.

  3. The latest security updates are installed. If in doubt, run a YaST Online Update.

  4. The default Web server port (port 80) is opened in the firewall. For this, configure the SUSEFirewall2 to allow the service HTTP Server in the external zone. This can be done using YaST. Section 33.4.1, Configuring the Firewall with YaST gives details.

28.1.2 Installation

Apache on openSUSE is not installed by default. To install it, start YaST and select Software > Software Management. Now choose Filter > Patterns and select Web and LAMP Server under Server Functions. Confirm the installation of the dependent packages to finish the installation process.

Apache is installed with a standard, predefined configuration that runs out of the box. The installation includes the multiprocessing module apache2-prefork as well the PHP5 module. Refer to Section 28.4, Installing, Activating, and Configuring Modules for more information about modules.

28.1.3 Start

To start Apache and make sure that it is automatically started during boot, start YaST and select System > System Services (Runlevel). Search for apache2 and Enable the service. The Web server starts immediately. By saving your changes with Finish, the system is configured to automatically start Apache in runlevels 3 and 5 during boot. For more information about the runlevels in openSUSE and a description of the YaST runlevel editor, refer to Section 14.2.3, Configuring System Services (Runlevel) with YaST.

To start Apache using the shell, run rcapache2 start. To make sure that Apache is automatically started during boot in runlevels 3 and 5, use chkconfig -a apache2.

If you have not received error messages when starting Apache, the Web server should be running now. Start a browser and open https://localhost/. You should see an Apache test page stating It works!. If you do not see this page, refer to Section 28.8, Troubleshooting.

Now that the Web server is running, you can add your own documents, adjust the configuration according to your needs, or add functionality by installing modules.

openSUSE 11.1 Reference Guide
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  Published under the terms fo the GNU General Public License Design by Interspire