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System Administration Guide: Naming and Directory Services (DNS, NIS, and LDAP)
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NIS-to-LDAP Best Practices With Sun Java System Directory Server

The N2L service supports Sun Java System Directory Server (formerly Sun ONE Directory Server) and compatible versions of directory servers offered by Sun Microsystems, Inc. Other (third party) LDAP servers might work with the N2L service, but they are not supported by Sun. If you are using an LDAP server other than the Sun Java System Directory Server or compatible Sun servers, you must manually configure the server to support RFC 2307, or its successors', schemas.

If you are using the Sun Java System Directory Server, you can enhance the directory server to improve performance. To make these enhancements, you must have LDAP administrator privileges on the Sun Java System Directory Server. In addition, the directory server might need to be rebooted, a task that must be coordinated with the server's LDAP clients. The Sun Java System Directory Server (and Sun ONE and iPlanet Directory Server) documentation is available on the Sun Java System Directory Server Enterprise Edition 6.2 web site.

Creating Virtual List View Indexes With Sun Java System Directory Server

For large maps, LDAP virtual list view (VLV) indexes must be used to ensure LDAP searches return complete results. For information about setting up VLV indexes on the Sun Java System Directory Server, see the Sun Java System Directory Server Enterprise Edition 6.2 documentation.

VLV search results use a fixed page size of 50000. If VLVs are used with Sun Java System Directory Server, both the LDAP server and N2L server must be able to handle transfers of this size. If all of your maps are known to be smaller than this limit, you do not need to use VLV indexes. However, if your maps are larger than the size limit, or you are unsure of the size of all maps, use VLV indexes to avoid incomplete returns.

If you are using VLV indexes, set up the appropriate size limits as follows.

  • On the Sun Java System Directory Server: nsslapd-sizelimit attribute must be set greater than or equal to 50000 or -1. See the idsconfig(1M) man page.

  • On the N2L server: nisLDAPsearchSizelimit attribute must be set greater than or equal to 50000 or zero. For more information, see the NISLDAPmapping(4) man page.

Once VLV indexes have been created, activate them by running directoryserver with the vlvindex option on the Sun Java System Directory Server. See the directoryserver(1M) man page for more information.

VLVs for Standard Maps

Use the Sun Java System Directory Server idsconfig command to set up VLVs if the following conditions apply:

  • You are using the Sun Java System Directory Server.

  • You are mapping standard maps to RFC 2307 LDAP entries.

VLVs are domain specific, so each time idsconfig is run, VLVs are created for one NIS domain. Therefore, during the NIS–to–LDAP transition, you must run idsconfig once for each nisLDAPdomainContext attribute included in the NISLDAPmapping file.

VLVs for Custom and Nonstandard Maps

You must manually create new Sun Java System Directory Server VLVs for maps, or copy and modify existing VLV indexes, if the following conditions apply:

  • You are using the Sun Java System Directory Server.

  • You have large custom maps or have standard maps that are mapped to nonstandard DIT locations.

To view existing VLV indexes, type the following:

# ldapsearch -h hostname -s sub -b "cn=ldbm database,cn=plugins,cn=config" \
"objectClass=vlvSearch"

Avoiding Server Timeouts With Sun Java System Directory Server

When the N2L server refreshes a map, the result might be a large LDAP directory access. If the Sun Java System Directory Server is not correctly configured, the refresh operation might time out before completion. To avoid directory server timeouts, modify the following Sun Java System Directory Server attributes manually or by running the idsconfig command.

For example, to increase the minimum amount of time in seconds that the server should spend performing the search request, modify these attributes:

dn: cn=config
nsslapd-timelimit: -1

For testing purposes, you can use an attribute value of -1, which indicates no limit. When you have determined the optimum limit value, change the attribute value. Do not maintain any attribute settings at -1 on a production server. With no limits, the server might be vulnerable to Denial of Service attacks.

For more information about configuring Sun Java System Directory Server with LDAP, see Chapter 11, Setting Up Sun Java System Directory Server With LDAP Clients (Tasks) of this book.

Avoiding Buffer Overruns With Sun Java System Directory Server

To avoid buffer overruns, modify the Sun Java System Directory Server attributes manually or by running the idsconfig command.

  1. For example, to increase the maximum number of entries that are returned for a client search query, modify these attributes:

    dn: cn=config
    nsslapd-sizelimit: -1
  2. To increase the maximum number of entries that are verified for a client search query, modify these attributes:

    dn: cn=config, cn=ldbm database, cn=plugins, cn=config
    nsslapd-lookthroughlimit: -1

For testing purposes, you can use an attribute value of -1, which indicates no limit. When you have determined the optimum limit value, change the attribute value. Do not maintain any attribute settings at -1 on a production server. With no limits, the server might be vulnerable to Denial of Service attacks.

If VLVs are being used, the sizelimit attribute values should be set as defined in Creating Virtual List View Indexes With Sun Java System Directory Server. If VLVs are not being used, the size limit should be set large enough to accommodate the largest container.

For more information about configuring Sun Java System Directory Server with LDAP, see Chapter 11, Setting Up Sun Java System Directory Server With LDAP Clients (Tasks).

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