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System Administration Guide: Naming and Directory Services (DNS, NIS, and LDAP)
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IETF Schemas for LDAP

Schemas are definitions that describe what types of information can be stored as entries in a server's directory.

For a directory server to support Solaris LDAP naming clients, schemas defined in this chapter must be configured in the server unless schema is mapped using the schema mapping feature of the clients.

There are three required LDAP schemas defined by IETF: the RFC 2307 Network Information Service schema, the LDAP Mailgroups Internet draft, and the LDAP Internet Print Protocol (IPP) draft schema. To support the Naming Information Service, the definition of these schemas must be added to the directory server. The various RFCs can also be accessed on the IETF Web site https://www.ietf.org.


Note - Internet drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months and might be updated, or rendered obsolete, by other documents at any time.


RFC 2307 Network Information Service Schema

The LDAP servers must be configured to support the revised RFC 2307.

The nisSchema OID is 1.3.6.1.1. The RFC 2307 attributes are the following.

( nisSchema.1.0 NAME 'uidNumber'
DESC 'An integer uniquely identifying a user in an
        administrative domain'
EQUALITY integerMatch SYNTAX 'INTEGER' SINGLE-VALUE )
 
( nisSchema.1.1 NAME 'gidNumber'
DESC 'An integer uniquely identifying a group in an
        administrative domain'
EQUALITY integerMatch SYNTAX 'INTEGER' SINGLE-VALUE )
 
( nisSchema.1.2 NAME 'gecos'
DESC 'The GECOS field; the common name'
EQUALITY caseIgnoreIA5Match
SUBSTRINGS caseIgnoreIA5SubstringsMatch
SYNTAX 'IA5String' SINGLE-VALUE )
 
( nisSchema.1.3 NAME 'homeDirectory'
DESC 'The absolute path to the home directory'
EQUALITY caseExactIA5Match
SYNTAX 'IA5String' SINGLE-VALUE )
 
( nisSchema.1.4 NAME 'loginShell'
DESC 'The path to the login shell'
EQUALITY caseExactIA5Match
SYNTAX 'IA5String' SINGLE-VALUE )
 
( nisSchema.1.5 NAME 'shadowLastChange'
EQUALITY integerMatch
SYNTAX 'INTEGER' SINGLE-VALUE )
 
( nisSchema.1.6 NAME 'shadowMin'
EQUALITY integerMatch
SYNTAX 'INTEGER' SINGLE-VALUE )
 
( nisSchema.1.7 NAME 'shadowMax'
EQUALITY integerMatch
SYNTAX 'INTEGER' SINGLE-VALUE )
 
( nisSchema.1.8 NAME 'shadowWarning'
EQUALITY integerMatch
SYNTAX 'INTEGER' SINGLE-VALUE )
 
( nisSchema.1.9 NAME 'shadowInactive'
EQUALITY integerMatch
SYNTAX 'INTEGER' SINGLE-VALUE )
 
( nisSchema.1.10 NAME 'shadowExpire'
EQUALITY integerMatch
SYNTAX 'INTEGER' SINGLE-VALUE )
 
( nisSchema.1.11 NAME 'shadowFlag'
EQUALITY integerMatch
SYNTAX 'INTEGER' SINGLE-VALUE )
 
( nisSchema.1.12 NAME 'memberUid'
EQUALITY caseExactIA5Match
SUBSTRINGS caseExactIA5SubstringsMatch
SYNTAX 'IA5String' )
 
( nisSchema.1.13 NAME 'memberNisNetgroup'
EQUALITY caseExactIA5Match
SUBSTRINGS caseExactIA5SubstringsMatch
SYNTAX 'IA5String' )
 
( nisSchema.1.14 NAME 'nisNetgroupTriple'
DESC 'Netgroup triple'
SYNTAX 'nisNetgroupTripleSyntax' )
 
( nisSchema.1.15 NAME 'ipServicePort'
EQUALITY integerMatch
SYNTAX 'INTEGER' SINGLE-VALUE )
 
( nisSchema.1.16 NAME 'ipServiceProtocol'
SUP name )
 
( nisSchema.1.17 NAME 'ipProtocolNumber'
EQUALITY integerMatch
SYNTAX 'INTEGER' SINGLE-VALUE )
 
( nisSchema.1.18 NAME 'oncRpcNumber'
EQUALITY integerMatch
SYNTAX 'INTEGER' SINGLE-VALUE )

( nisSchema.1.19 NAME 'ipHostNumber'
DESC 'IP address as a dotted decimal, eg. 192.168.1.1
         omitting leading zeros'
SUP name )
 
( nisSchema.1.20 NAME 'ipNetworkNumber'
DESC 'IP network as a dotted decimal, eg. 192.168,
         omitting leading zeros'
SUP name SINGLE-VALUE )
 
( nisSchema.1.21 NAME 'ipNetmaskNumber'
DESC 'IP netmask as a dotted decimal, eg. 255.255.255.0,
          omitting leading zeros'
EQUALITY caseIgnoreIA5Match
SYNTAX 'IA5String{128}' SINGLE-VALUE )
 
( nisSchema.1.22 NAME 'macAddress'
DESC 'MAC address in maximal, colon separated hex
      notation, eg. 00:00:92:90:ee:e2'
EQUALITY caseIgnoreIA5Match
SYNTAX 'IA5String{128}' )
 
( nisSchema.1.23 NAME 'bootParameter'
DESC 'rpc.bootparamd parameter'
SYNTAX 'bootParameterSyntax' )
 
( nisSchema.1.24 NAME 'bootFile'
DESC 'Boot image name'
EQUALITY caseExactIA5Match
SYNTAX 'IA5String' )
 
( nisSchema.1.26 NAME 'nisMapName'
SUP name )
 
( nisSchema.1.27 NAME 'nisMapEntry'
EQUALITY caseExactIA5Match
SUBSTRINGS caseExactIA5SubstringsMatch
SYNTAX 'IA5String{1024}' SINGLE-VALUE )
 
( nisSchema.1.28 NAME 'nisPublicKey'
DESC 'NIS public key'
SYNTAX 'nisPublicKeySyntax' )
 
( nisSchema.1.29 NAME 'nisSecretKey'
DESC 'NIS secret key'
SYNTAX 'nisSecretKeySyntax' )
 
( nisSchema.1.30 NAME 'nisDomain'
DESC 'NIS domain'
SYNTAX 'IA5String' )

( nisSchema.1.31 NAME 'automountMapName'
DESC 'automount Map Name'
EQUALITY caseExactIA5Match
SUBSTR caseExactIA5SubstringsMatch
SYNTAX 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.26 SINGLE-VALUE )

( nisSchema.1.32 NAME 'automountKey'
DESC 'Automount Key value'
EQUALITY caseExactIA5Match
SUBSTR caseExactIA5SubstringsMatch
SYNTAX 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.26 SINGLE-VALUE )

( nisSchema.1.33 NAME 'automountInformation'
DESC 'Automount information'
EQUALITY caseExactIA5Match
SUBSTR caseExactIA5SubstringsMatch
SYNTAX 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.26 SINGLE-VALUE )

The nisSchema OID is 1.3.6.1.1. The RFC 2307 objectClasses are the following.

( nisSchema.2.0 NAME 'posixAccount' SUP top AUXILIARY
  DESC 'Abstraction of an account with POSIX attributes'
  MUST ( cn $ uid $ uidNumber $ gidNumber $ homeDirectory )
  MAY ( userPassword $ loginShell $ gecos $ description ) )
 
( nisSchema.2.1 NAME 'shadowAccount' SUP top AUXILIARY
  DESC 'Additional attributes for shadow passwords'
  MUST uid
  MAY ( userPassword $ shadowLastChange $ shadowMin
        shadowMax $ shadowWarning $ shadowInactive $
        shadowExpire $ shadowFlag $ description ) )
 
( nisSchema.2.2 NAME 'posixGroup' SUP top STRUCTURAL
  DESC 'Abstraction of a group of accounts'
  MUST ( cn $ gidNumber )
  MAY ( userPassword $ memberUid $ description ) )
 
( nisSchema.2.3 NAME 'ipService' SUP top STRUCTURAL
  DESC 'Abstraction an Internet Protocol service.
        Maps an IP port and protocol (such as tcp or udp)
        to one or more names; the distinguished value of
        the cn attribute denotes the service's canonical
        name'
  MUST ( cn $ ipServicePort $ ipServiceProtocol )
  MAY ( description ) )
 
( nisSchema.2.4 NAME 'ipProtocol' SUP top STRUCTURAL
  DESC 'Abstraction of an IP protocol. Maps a protocol number
        to one or more names. The distinguished value of the cn
        attribute denotes the protocol's canonical name'
  MUST ( cn $ ipProtocolNumber )
  MAY  description )
 
( nisSchema.2.5 NAME 'oncRpc' SUP top STRUCTURAL
  DESC 'Abstraction of an Open Network Computing (ONC)
        [RFC1057] Remote Procedure Call (RPC) binding.
        This class maps an ONC RPC number to a name.
        The distinguished value of the cn attribute denotes
        the RPC service's canonical name'
  MUST ( cn $ oncRpcNumber $ description )
  MAY  description )
 
( nisSchema.2.6 NAME 'ipHost' SUP top AUXILIARY
  DESC 'Abstraction of a host, an IP device. The distinguished
        value of the cn attribute denotes the host's canonical
        name. Device SHOULD be used as a structural class'
  MUST ( cn $ ipHostNumber )
  MAY ( l $ description $ manager $ userPassword ) )
 
( nisSchema.2.7 NAME 'ipNetwork' SUP top STRUCTURAL
  DESC 'Abstraction of a network. The distinguished value of
        the cn attribute denotes the network's canonical name'
  MUST ipNetworkNumber
  MAY ( cn $ ipNetmaskNumber $ l $ description $ manager ) )
 
( nisSchema.2.8 NAME 'nisNetgroup' SUP top STRUCTURAL
  DESC 'Abstraction of a netgroup. May refer to other netgroups'
  MUST cn
  MAY ( nisNetgroupTriple $ memberNisNetgroup $ description ) )

( nisSchema.2.9 NAME 'nisMap' SUP top STRUCTURAL
  DESC 'A generic abstraction of a NIS map'
  MUST nisMapName
  MAY description )
 
( nisSchema.2.10 NAME 'nisObject' SUP top STRUCTURAL
  DESC 'An entry in a NIS map'
  MUST ( cn $ nisMapEntry $ nisMapName )
  MAY description )

( nisSchema.2.11 NAME 'ieee802Device' SUP top AUXILIARY
  DESC 'A device with a MAC address; device SHOULD be
        used as a structural class'
  MAY macAddress )
 
( nisSchema.2.12 NAME 'bootableDevice' SUP top AUXILIARY
  DESC 'A device with boot parameters; device SHOULD be
  used as a structural class'
  MAY ( bootFile $ bootParameter ) )
 
( nisSchema.2.14 NAME 'nisKeyObject' SUP top AUXILIARY
  DESC 'An object with a public and secret key'
  MUST ( cn $ nisPublicKey $ nisSecretKey )
  MAY ( uidNumber $ description ) )
 
( nisSchema.2.15 NAME 'nisDomainObject' SUP top AUXILIARY
  DESC 'Associates a NIS domain with a naming context'
  MUST nisDomain )

( nisSchema.2.16 NAME 'automountMap' SUP top STRUCTURAL
  MUST ( automountMapName )
  MAY description )

( nisSchema.2.17 NAME 'automount' SUP top STRUCTURAL
  DESC 'Automount information'
  MUST ( automountKey $ automountInformation )
  MAY description )

Mail Alias Schema

Mail alias information uses the schema defined by the LDAP Mailgroups Internet draft, formerly known as the draft-steinback-ldap-mailgroups draft. Until a new schema becomes available, Solaris LDAP clients will continue to use this schema for mail alias information.

The original LDAP Mailgroups schema contains a large number of attributes and object classes. Only two attributes and a single object class are used by Solaris clients. These are listed below.

The mail alias Attributes are the following.

( 0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.3
  NAME 'mail'
  DESC 'RFC822 email address for this person'
  EQUALITY caseIgnoreIA5Match
  SYNTAX 'IA5String(256)'
  SINGLE-VALUE )
 
( 2.16.840.1.113730.3.1.30
  NAME 'mgrpRFC822MailMember'
  DESC 'RFC822 mail address of email only member of group'
  EQUALITY CaseIgnoreIA5Match
  SYNTAX 'IA5String(256)' )

The mail alias objectClass is the following.

( 2.16.840.1.113730.3.2.4
  NAME 'mailGroup'
  SUP top
  STRUCTURAL
  MUST mail
  MAY ( cn $ mailAlternateAddress $ mailHost $ mailRequireAuth $
   mgrpAddHeader $ mgrpAllowedBroadcaster $ mgrpAllowedDomain $
   mgrpApprovePassword $ mgrpBroadcasterModeration $ mgrpDeliverTo $
   mgrpErrorsTo $ mgrpModerator $ mgrpMsgMaxSize $
   mgrpMsgRejectAction $ mgrpMsgRejectText $ mgrpNoMatchAddrs $
   mgrpRemoveHeader $ mgrpRFC822MailMember ))
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